USAAF Chronology:

COMBAT CHRONOLOGY OF THE US ARMY AIR FORCES
FEBRUARY 1945
FTP SITES
  1. ftp.rutgers.edu in directory pub/wwii/usaf
  2. byrd.mu.wvnet.edu (129.71.32.152) in pub/history/military/airforce/
     wwii_chronology

AIRCRAFT MENTIONED IN THIS REPORT:
  A-20, Douglas Havoc
  A-26, Douglas Invader
  B-17, Boeing Flying Fortress
  B-24, Consolidated Liberator
  B-25, North American Mitchell
  B-26, Martin Marauder
  B-29, Boeing Superfortress
  C-46, Curtiss Commando
  C-47, Douglas Skytrain
  UC-64, Noorduyn Norseman
  UC-78, Cessna Bobcat
  F-3, Douglas Havoc
  F-4, Lockheed Lightning
  F-5, Lockheed Lightning
  F-7, Consolidated Liberator
  F-9, Consolidated Liberator
  F4U, Vought Corsair
  L-1, Stinson Vigilant
  L-4, Piper Cub (Grasshopper)
  L-5, Stinson Sentinel
  Mosquito, deHavilland
  P-38, Lockheed Lightning
  P-40, Curtiss
  P-47, Republic Thunderbolt
  P-51, North American Mustang
  P-61, Northrop Black Widow
  P-70, Douglas
  Spitfire, Vickers Supermarine

NOTE: A number in parenthesis after a target name indicates the number of
bombers attacking.

THURSDAY, 1 FEBRUARY 1945

AMERICAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS 

  ZONE OF INTERIOR (ZI): The air echelon of the 19th Photographic Charting
Squadron, 311th Photographic Wing (Mapping and Charting), based at MacDill
Field, Tampa, Florida, begins operating from Accra, Gold Coast photo-mapping
Africa with F-9s.

CHINA-BURMA-INDIA THEATER

  CHINA THEATER (Fourteenth Air Force): 6 B-24s attack shipping off the
French Indochina coast, claiming 1 cargo vessel sunk and a patrol boat
damaged. In China, 4 P-40s attack a division HQ SW of Yungning; the 16th
Fighter Squadron, 51st Fighter Group, based at Chengkung with P-51s, sends a
detachment to operate from Poseh (another detachment is operating from
Laohowkow).

  HQ AAF (Twentieth Air Force): Mission 33: 113 B-29s are dispatched to hit
the naval base at Singapore, Malayan States; 67 bomb the Admiralty IX
Floating Drydock (and a vessel berthed in it) and 21 bomb the West Wall area
of the naval base; 21 others hit alternate targets at Martaban, Burma and
George Town, Malayan States; they claim 3-4-14 Japanese aircraft; 2 B-29s are
lost.

  INDIA-BURMA THEATER (Tenth Air Force): In Burma, 28 fighter-bombers support
ground forces around Hosi and Molo; 12 B-25s knock out the Mong Pawn bridge;
8 P-47s damage the approach to the Pa-mao bridge; 8 others hit Hsumhsai
Airfield; 90+ fighter-bombers hit troops, supplies, vehicles, a ferry
crossing, and various targets of opportunity at several locations including 
Nauchye, Hsenwi, Man Pwe, Pongkalau, Nawng Mawn, Na-lang, Kunhkan, and
Panghtu-Iin. 550 transport sorties are flown to forward areas. The 2d and 4th
Combat Cargo Squadrons, 1st Combat Cargo Group, move from Tsuyung and
Chengkung, China respectively to Dohazari, India with C-47s; the 459th
Fighter Squadron, 80th Fighter Group, moves from Chittagong to Rumkha, India
with P-38s. During Feb 45, the 24th Combat Mapping Squadron, 8th Photographic
Reconnaissance Group, based at Guskhara, India sends elements to operate from
Tulihal and Cox's Bazar, India with F-7s.

EUROPEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS (ETO)

  AIRBORNE OPERATIONS (IX Troop Carrier Command): During Feb 45, HQ 438th
Troop Carrier Group and the 87th, 88th, 89th and 90th Troop Carrier Squadrons
move from Greenham Common, England to Prosnes, France with C-47s.

  STRATEGIC OPERATIONS (Eighth Air Force): 2 missions are flown.
  Mission 814: 699 B-17s and 328 P-51s are dispatched to hit rail targets and
bridges in W Germany using Micro-H and H2X radar; no losses:
  1. 463 B-17s are sent to hit the marshalling yards at Mannheim (74) and
Ludwigshafen (70); 270 hit the secondary target, the highway and rail bridge
at Mannheim; targets of opportunity are Pforzheim (11) and other (3); 2 B-17s
are damaged beyond repair and 24 damaged; 3 airmen are WIA. Escorting are 142
of 151 P-51s.
  2. 236 B-17s are send to hit the rail bridge at Wesel (139); 36 hit the
marshalling yard at Krefeld, the secondary target; and 13 hit Barth, a target
of opportunity; 2 B-17s are damaged. 49 of 53 P-51s escort.
  3. 20 of 22 P-51s fly a scouting mission.
  4. 87 of 102 P-51s fly a freelance sweep in support of the bombers.
  Mission 815: 6 of 9 B-24s drop leaflets in the Netherlands, France and
Germany during the night.
  HQ 361st Fighter Group and the 374th, 375th and 376th Fighter Squadrons
move from Little Walden, England to Chievres, Belgium with P-51s (the
squadrons have been operating from St-Dizier, France since 23 Dec 44).

  TACTICAL OPERATIONS (Ninth Air Force): 146 B-26s, A-26s, and A-20s bomb
rail bridges and defended areas on the Rhine and Mosel Rivers and in W
Germany near the battlefront. The IX and XIX Tactical Air Commands escort the
bombers, fly armed reconnaissance, and in Germany, attack the Euskirchen
marshalling yard and the town of Arloff. In France, HQ 98th Combat
Bombardment Wing (Medium) moves from Athies Airfield, Laon to Havrincourt and
HQ 367th Fighter Group moves from Juvincourt to St-Dizier.

MEDITERRANEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS (MTO)

  STRATEGIC OPERATIONS (Fifteenth Air Force): In Austria, 300+ B-17s and
B-24s attack the Moosbierbaum oil refinery and the marshalling yards at Graz,
Furstenfeld, and Klagenfurt. 1 bomber bombs Pula, Yugoslavia. P-38s and P-51s
fly 270+ sorties escorting the bombers; other P-38s carry out reconnaissance
and reconnaissance escort missions.

  TACTICAL OPERATIONS (Twelfth Air Force): In Italy, bad weather curtails
operations; A-20s and medium bombers are grounded and fighters and fighter-
bombers fly only 14 sorties, 12 against communications targets N of the
battle area and 2 weather reconnaissance sorties.

PACIFIC OCEAN AREA (POA)

  AAFPOA (Seventh Air Force): 21 Saipan Island, Mariana Island-based B-24s
hit Iwo Jima Island, Volcano Islands, in the afternoon, and 10 more, flying
individual snooper raids, hit the island during the night of 1/2 Feb. 20
B-24s from Angaur Island, Palau Island, Caroline Islands, bomb Corregidor
Island in Manila Bay, Luzon Island, Philippine Islands. During Feb 45, the
6th Night Fighter Squadron, VII Fighter Command (attached to 318th Fighter
Group) moves from East Field to Kaman Field, Saipan with P-61s (a detachment
is operating from Kipapa, Hawaii); the detachment of the 17th Photographic
Reconnaissance Squadron, 4th Photographic Group (Reconnaissance), operating
from Bougainville Island, Solomon Islands with F-5s, returns to base on
Morotai Island, Moluccas Islands.

SOUTHWEST PACIFIC AREA [SWPA, Far East Air Force (FEAF)]: On Luzon Island,
B-24s pound the Canacao Peninsula and Cavite areas; targets include a
shipyard, seaplane base, communications, and supply. B-25s hit Puerto
Princesa on Palawan Island, Philippine Islands. On Formosa, B-24s bomb
Okayama Airfield during the night of 31 Jan/1 Feb and hit Okayama and Heito
Airfields and Toko seaplane base during the following day. The 71st and 823d
Bombardment Squadrons (Medium), 38th Bombardment Group (Medium), move from
Morotai to Lingayen, Luzon with B-25s. During Feb 45, the 160th Liaison
Squadron, 3d Air Commando Group, based at Calasio, Luzon with UC-64 and L-5s
sends a detachment to operate from Mindoro Island, Philippine Islands; the
529th Bombardment Squadron (Heavy), 380th Bombardment Group (Heavy), moves
from Darwin, Australia to San Jose, Mindoro with B-24s.

FRIDAY, 2 FEBRUARY 1945

CHINA-BURMA-INDIA THEATER

  CHINA THEATER (Fourteenth Air Force): 4 P-40s attack a regimental HQ and a
storage area at Lungchow, China.

  INDIA-BURMA THEATER (Tenth Air Force): In Burma, 11 B-25s pound troops and
supplies at Loilem; 60+ fighter-bombers support ground forces in the Molo,
Hosi, and Mabein areas; troops, supplies, town areas, and vehicles are
attacked at Panma, Kan-loi, Pansak, Man Ho Pang, Pongkalau, Hsenwi, Namtu,
Panghai, Kong kang, and Ondon. Transports complete 485 sorties to forward
bases and over the frontline areas.

EUROPEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS (ETO)

  STRATEGIC OPERATIONS (Eighth Air Force): 22 of 24 P-51s fly an uneventful
sweep in the Koblenz-Wetzlar-Siegen-Siegburg, Germany area.
  Mission 816: During the night of 2/3 Feb, 1 B-17 and 8 B-24s drop leaflets
in W Germany.

  TACTICAL OPERATIONS (Ninth Air Force): 350+ B-26s, A-26s, and A-20s bomb
road and rail bridges to block the E-W movement E of the Rhine River and
defended localities E of the battlefront in W Germany; fighters hit bridges
and fly escort, armed reconnaissance and patrols, and support US Third Army
elements along the Our River in Belgium and the Sauer River in Germany. In
France, HQ 406th Fighter Group and the 513th Fighter Squadron move from
Mourmelon-le-Grand to Metz with P-47s; the 393d Fighter Squadron, 367th
Fighter Group, moves from Juvincourt to St Dizier with P-38s.

MEDITERRANEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS (MTO)

  STRATEGIC OPERATIONS (Fifteenth Air Force): Bad weather cancels bombing
operations; 1 B-17 and 1 B-24 drop supplies in N Italy. 33 P-51s, with 14
others flying top cover, strafe Kurilovec Airfield in Yugoslavia; 11 other
P-51s escort a Royal Air Force (RAF) supply dropping mission over Yugoslavia.
11 P-38s fly photo and weather reconnaissance; photo reconnaissance is
covered by 24 other P-38s.

  TACTICAL OPERATIONS (Twelfth Air Force): In Italy, medium bombers, taking
advantage of improving weather conditions in NE Italy, hit bridges at Lavis,
Chiusaforte, Calliano, Mantua, Rovereto, Calcinato, and Dogna; bad weather at
bases restricts XXII Tactical Air Command aircraft to 5 weather
reconnaissance sorties.

PACIFIC OCEAN AREA (POA)

  AAFPOA (Seventh Air Force): 20 Guam Island, Mariana Island-based B-24s
pound a storage area on Iwo Jima Island. During the night of 2/3 Feb, 10
B-24s, flying individual harassment raids, bomb the island's airfields. 4
P-47s, on a reconnaissance flight, strafe buildings on Pagan Island, Mariana
Islands. 22 B-24s from Angaur Island bomb Corregidor Island.

SOUTHWEST PACIFIC AREA [SWPA, Far East Air Force (FEAF)]: Colonel Carl A
Brandt becomes Commanding Officer XIII Bomber Command. On Luzon Island, B-24s
continue to pound Corregidor Island and Cavite and A-20s hit the Baler Bay
area. In the Cagayan Valley on Mindanao Island, Philippine Islands, B-25s
attack pillboxes, gun positions, and river barges. B-24s hit Okayama Airfield
on Formosa during a dawn raid. HQ 71st Tactical Reconnaissance Group moves
from Leyte Island, Philippine Islands to Binmaley, Luzon.

SATURDAY, 3 FEBRUARY 1945

CHINA-BURMA-INDIA THEATER

  INDIA-BURMA THEATER (Tenth Air Force): In Burma, 12 B-25s attack troops and
supplies at Loilem; 27 fighter-bombers support ground forces in the Molo,
Hosi, and Myitson areas; 80+ fighter-bombers hit troop concentrations,
supplies, town areas, tanks, and other targets at Kyaung-hen, Mongkyet,
Hsipaw, Hsenwi, Na-sang, Konghsa, and Hkaihsi. Transports complete 531
sorties, landing men and supplies at advanced bases and dropping supplies to
forward troops.

EUROPEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS (ETO)

  STRATEGIC OPERATIONS (Eighth Air Force): 2 missions are flown.
  Mission 817: 1,437 bombers and 948 fighters are dispatched in a major
strike on Berlin by B-17s while B-24s hit the synthetic oil industry at
Magdeburg; they claim 38-1-18 Luftwaffe aircraft; 25 bombers and 8 fighters
are lost:
  1. 1,003 B-17s are sent to hit the Tempelhof marshalling yard in Berlin
(937); targets of opportunity are Bad Zwischenahn (1), Bromsche (1), Gatow
(13), Luneburg (2), Sogel (1) and other (1); 23 B-17s are lost, 6 damaged
beyond repair and 339 damaged; 18 airmen are KIA, 11 WIA and 189 MIA. Escort
is provided by 575 of 613 P-51s; they claim 12-1-0 aircraft in the air and
17-0-11 on the ground; 7 P-51s are lost (pilots MIA) and 2 damaged beyond
repair.
  2. 434 B-24s are dispatched to hit the Rothensee oil plant at Magdeburg
(116); 246 hit a target of last resort, the marshalling yard at Magdeburg;
targets of opportunity are Wesermunde (17), Mockern (12), Cuxhaven (9),
Yechta Airfield (2) and other (3); 2 B-24s are lost, 1 damaged beyond repair
and 58 damaged; 19 airmen are MIA. Escorting are 210 of 232 P-51s without
loss.
  3. 41 of 44 P-47s fly a sweep over Friedersdorf Airfield; they claim 9-0-6
aircraft in the air; 1 P-47 is lost (pilot MIA).
  4. 35 P-51s fly a scouting mission.
  5. 24 P-51s escort 9 F-5s and 7 Spitfires on a photo reconnaissance mission
over Germany.
  Mission 818: 1 B-17 and 10 B-24s drop leaflets in the Netherlands and W
Germany during the night.

  TACTICAL OPERATIONS (Ninth Air Force): In Germany, the 9th Bombardment
Division attacks the Berg-Gladbach storage and repair depot, Dahlem
communications center, rail bridges at Ahrweiler and Sinzig, and marshalling
yard at Junkerath; fighters escort the 9th Bombardment Division, fly patrols,
and carry out armed reconnaissance over W Germany. In France, the 394th
Fighter Squadron, 367th Fighter Group, moves from Juvincourt to St Dizier
with P-38s.

MEDITERRANEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS (MTO)

  STRATEGIC OPERATIONS (Fifteenth Air Force): Weather again cancels bombing
operations. P-38s fly photo and weather reconnaissance. P-51s escort the
photo reconnaissance aircraft while other P-38s escort Mediterranean Allied
Tactical Air Force (MATAF) B-25s on a transport run to Yugoslavia.

  TACTICAL OPERATIONS (Twelfth Air Force): In Italy, weather restricts combat
operations to an attack by 4 P-47s on the Sonico marshalling yard.

PACIFIC OCEAN AREA (POA)

  AAFPOA (Seventh Air Force): 9 Saipan Island-based B-24s hit Chichi Jima
Island, Bonin Islands; 10 others hit Iwo Jima Island while 9, flying single
bomber harassment strikes, pound Iwo Jima during the night of 3/4 Feb; 15
P-38s, part of a force escorting photo aircraft, strafe the island in a
2-wave attack.

SOUTHWEST PACIFIC AREA [SWPA, Far East Air Force (FEAF)]: On Luzon Island,
B-24s again pound Corregidor Island and the Canacao peninsula; other B-24s
hit Aparri and Tuguegarao an in the Batangas area, A-20s continue ground
support missions. B-24s bomb Cebu City on Cebu Island, Philippine Islands,
and surrounding targets. On Mindanao Island, B-25s and P-38s hit Matina,
Daliao, and Padada Airfields.

SUNDAY, 4 FEBRUARY 1945

CHINA-BURMA-INDIA THEATER

  CHINA THEATER (Fourteenth Air Force): In China, 10 P-40s bomb the airfield
and Japanese HQ at Yungning and railroad yards at Sinyang; 2 of the P-40s
over Sinyang are lost to ground fire. The detachments of the 25th and 26th
Fighter Squadrons, 51st Fighter Group, operating from Leangshan and Laohokow,
China respectfully with P-51s, return to base at Yunnani and Kunming, China
respectfully; the 25th Fighter Squadron sends a detachment to operate from
Poseh with P-51s.

  INDIA-BURMA THEATER (Tenth Air Force): In Burma, 54 P-38s and P-47s destroy
or damage bridges at Inailong, Bawgyo, Ho-hko, Hay-ti, Mong Long, and Pa-mao;
26 P-47s support ground forces in the Myitson and Hosi areas. Troops,
supplies, and vehicles are attacked at Nam Yem, Na-makhkaw, Mansam, Kong
kang, Nawngsong, Mong Yai, Na-lang, and Pangmit. Again transports complete
500+ sorties to advanced bases and over forward areas, where supplies are
dropped to troops. The 166th Liaison Squadron, 1st Air Commando Group, moves
from Asansol, India to Sinthe, Burma with UC-64s and L-5s.

EUROPEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS (ETO)

  STRATEGIC OPERATIONS (Eighth Air Force): Mission 819: 7 of 9 B-24s drop
leaflets in the Netherlands and Germany during the night.

  TACTICAL OPERATIONS (Ninth Air Force): In Germany, the 9th Bombardment
Division attacks a repair depot at Mechernich, the Arloff road and rail
junction, and flies a leaflet mission. The IX and XIX Tactical Air Commands
patrol the battle area. The 158th Liaison Squadron, Ninth AF (attached to
Twelfth Army Group) arrives at Somme-Suippe, France from England with L-5s.

MEDITERRANEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS (MTO)

  STRATEGIC OPERATIONS (Fifteenth Air Force): Bad weather cancels bombing
operations for the third successive day. 24 B-24s and 1 B-17 drop supplies
and leaflets in N Yugoslavia. 8 P-38s carry out photo and weather
reconnaissance missions.

  TACTICAL OPERATIONS (Twelfth Air Force): In Italy, medium bombers bomb
railroad bridges at Ala, San Michele all' Adige, Lavis, Dogna, and Bodrez,
and attack the Ala marshalling yard; XXII Tactical Air Command fighters and
fighter-bombers escort the medium bombers and, in widespread areas of N
Italy, destroy 2 bridges, damage 8 others, and blast rolling stock.

PACIFIC OCEAN AREA (POA)

  AAFPOA (Seventh Air Force): 9 B-24s from Guam Island, bomb AA defenses on
Iwo Jima Island while 10 hit the town of Okimura on Haha Jima Island in the
Bonin Islands. 2 B-24s from Saipan Island, on an armed reconnaissance flight,
bomb Marcus Island in the North Pacific. 23 B-24s from Angaur Island bomb
Caballo Island in the Philippine Islands. During the night of 4/5 Feb, 8
Guam-based B-24s, operating singly, pound airfields on Iwo Jima.

  HQ AAF (Twentieth Air Force): Mission 26: For the first time the XXI Bomber
Command sends B-29s from 2 wings [the 73d and 313th Bombardment Wings (Very
Heavy)] against Japanese Home Islands. 110 B-29s are dispatched; 69 bomb the
urban area of Kobe; 30 others, including 15 hitting Natsusaka, bomb last
resort targets and targets of opportunity; about 200 attacking fighters down
1 B-29 and damage 35 others; 1 other crashes upon landing at Saipan Island;
B-29s claim 4-20-39 Japanese aircraft.

SOUTHWEST PACIFIC AREA [SWPA, Far East Air Force (FEAF)]: On Luzon Island,
B-24s continue to hit Corregidor Island and Cavite; in support of ground
forces B-25s bomb and strafe coast targets from San Felipe to Maloma, hit
targets around lba, and drop napalm on San Jose del Monte and A-20s bomb Lipa
and Calingatan Airfields. HQ 348th Fighter Group and the 340th Fighter
Squadron move from Tanauan, Leyte Island to San Marcelino, Luzon with P-47s.

MONDAY, 5 FEBRUARY 1945

AMERICAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS 

  ALASKA (Eleventh Air Force): 5 B-24s bomb Kataoka on Shimushu Island in the
Kurile Islands through solid overcast; a shipping sweep by B-25s is cancelled
due to weather.

CHINA-BURMA-INDIA THEATER

  CHINA THEATER (Fourteenth Air Force): In China, 14 P-51s and P-40s attack
locomotives and trucks at the Pinghan railroad yards, Hsiangcheng, and
Lohochai; at least 9 locomotives and an undetermined number of trucks are
destroyed; the 21st Photographic Reconnaissance Squadron, Fourteenth AF,
based at Kunming with F-4s and F-5s, sends a flight to operate from Hsian
(another flight is operating from Luliang).

  INDIA-BURMA THEATER (Tenth Air Force): In Burma, 35 P-47s support ground
forces in the Myitson, Hosi, and Molo areas; 8 P-38s bomb Mong Long; 60 P-38s
and P-47s hit troops and supplies at Kan-loi, Nam-yang, Man Peng, Pangmakhe-
leng, Kwangteng, Mong Pa, and Mansam. Transports fly 554 sorties to forward
areas.

EUROPEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS (ETO)

  TACTICAL OPERATIONS (Ninth Air Force): Weather cancels all operations
except IX Tactical Air Command fighter patrols over the US First Army area
around Butgenbach, Belgium.

MEDITERRANEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS (MTO)

  STRATEGIC OPERATIONS (Fifteenth Air Force): 730+ B-17s and B-24s bomb oil
storage at Regensburg, Germany, the main station and 2 marshalling yards at
Salzburg, Austria, the marshalling yards at Rosenheim, Germany and Villach,
Austria, and Straubing, Germany railroad installations; 6 bombers bomb the
Comeglians, Italy road bridge. P-38s and P-51s escort the bombers, fly
reconnaissance and reconnaissance support missions, and accompany 25 B-24s on
a supply mission to Yugoslavia.

  TACTICAL OPERATIONS (Twelfth Air Force): In Italy, B-25s score excellently
against the San Ambrogio di Valpolicella landslide (the overhanging cliff
collapses on the railroad by bombing) and bridges at San Michele all' Adige
and Calliano; during the night of 4/5 Feb, XXII Tactical Air Command A-20
intruder missions hit lights, motor transport, and roads in the Po Valley and
areas S of Bologna; fighters and fighter-bombers fly 270+ sorties against
communications targets in N Italy; incendiary bombing of a truck park damages
numerous vehicles.

PACIFIC OCEAN AREA (POA)

  AAFPOA (Seventh Air Force): 21 B-24s from Saipan Island bomb AA positions,
defense installations, and a bivouac on the N end of Iwo Jima Island; during
the night of 5/6 Feb, Iwo Jima airfields are pounded by 10 Saipan-based B-24s
flying individual snooper strikes. HQ 15th Fighter Group departs Hawaii for
Iwo Jima.

SOUTHWEST PACIFIC AREA [SWPA, Far East Air Force (FEAF)]: On Luzon Island, 60
B-24s deliver the heaviest attack yet on Corregidor Island; support for
ground forces continues in various Luzon battle zones. B-25s on a shipping
sweep of the E coast claim 9 barges and luggers sunk and several more
damaged. B-24s bomb Manggar and Sepinggang Airfields on Borneo.  HQ 475th
Fighter Group moves from Dulag, Leyte Island to San Jose, Mindoro Island (the
group's 3 squadrons, the 431st, 432d and 433d Fighter Squadrons, remain at
Dulag with P-38s and send detachments to operate from San Jose).

TUESDAY, 6 FEBRUARY 1945

AMERICAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS 

  CARIBBEAN (Sixth Air Force): The 397th Bombardment Squadron (Heavy), VI
Bomber Command, moves from the Galapagos Islands to Rio Hato, Panama with
B-24s.

CHINA-BURMA-INDIA THEATER

  CHINA THEATER (Fourteenth Air Force): In China, 20 P-51s pound and
considerably damage Peking Airfield, claiming 7 aircraft destroyed; other
fighter-bombers on armed reconnaissance hit several targets of opportunity
(mainly rail and river traffic) around Tsingpu, Wuhu, Suchow, Hsiangcheng,
Ichang, Chingmen, and Yungning. Fighter-bombers sink numerous river craft on
the Mekong River from Wan Mai-Lo to Nguen, Burma.

  INDIA-BURMA THEATER (Tenth Air Force): In Burma, 86 P-47s and P-38s and 25
B-25s pound troop concentrations, supplies, and AA positions in the Lashio 
area; 4 P-38s damage the approach to Mong Tong bridge. Transports complete
514 sorties, carrying men and supplies to forward areas.

EUROPEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS (ETO)

  STRATEGIC OPERATIONS (Eighth Air Force): Mission 821: 1,383 bombers and 904
fighters are dispatched to attack oil targets in Germany; the expected clear
weather does not materialize and the bombers attack secondary targets and
targets of opportunity using H2X radar; they claim 4-0-1 Luftwaffe aircraft;
5 bombers and 4 fighters are lost:
  1. 474 of 949 B-17s hit the secondary target in 2 forces, the marshalling
yard at Chemnitz; targets of opportunity are the Gotha marshalling yard (88),
Giessen (68), Saalfeld (39), Ohrdruf (35), Eisfeld (34), Schmalkalden (32),
Greiz (22), Zwickau (22), Eisenach (13), Waltershausen (12), Dirlos (12),
Ostheim (12), Friedrichroda (11), Steinbach (2), Meppen (1), Reichenbach (1),
Schmalkalden (1), and other (1); 3 B-17s are lost, 13 damaged beyond repair
and 115 damaged; 41 airmen are KIA, 7 WIA and 24 MIA. Escorting are 545 of
588 P-51s; they claim 1-0-1 aircraft in the air and 3-0-0 on the ground; 4
P-51s are lost (pilots MIA) and 7 damaged beyond repair.
  2. 418 of 434 B-24s hit the secondary target, the marshalling yard at
Magdeburg; targets of opportunity are the Meppen Bridge (1) and Quackenbruck
(1); 2 B-24s are lost, 1 damaged beyond repair and 61 damaged; 18 airmen are
MIA. The escort is 235 of 262 P-51s without loss.
  3. 33 of 38 P-51s fly a scouting mission without loss.
  4. 8 P-51s escort photo reconnaissance aircraft over Germany.
  5. 8 P-51s escort air-sea-rescue aircraft.

  TACTICAL OPERATIONS (Ninth Air Force): In Germany, 261 B-26s, A-20s and
A-26s attack the Rheinbach ammunition dump, Sotenich communications center,
Vlatten defended village, Berg-Gladbach motor transport center, and several
casual targets; fighters fly armed reconnaissance, alert flights and patrols,
dive-bomb the Horrem bridge, cut rails, and escort the 9th Bombardment
Division bombers. The 160th Tactical Reconnaissance Squadron, 363d Tactical
Reconnaissance Group, ceases operating from Conflans, France with F-6s and
returns to base at Le Culot, Belgium. In France, the 392d Fighter Squadron,
367th Fighter Group, moves from Juvincourt to St Dizier with P-38s. Units
moving from France to Belgium with P-47s: the 509th and 510th Fighter
Squadrons, 405th Fighter Group, from St Dizier to Ophoven; the 513th and
514th Fighter Squadrons, 406th Fighter Group, from Metz to Asch.

MEDITERRANEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS (MTO)

  STRATEGIC OPERATIONS (Fifteenth Air Force): Bad weather permits only supply
and reconnaissance missions; 5 P-38s complete weather and photo
reconnaissance while 12 B-24s and 1 B-17 drop supplies in Yugoslavia.

  TACTICAL OPERATIONS (Twelfth Air Force): In Italy, B-25s attack railroad
targets on the line running N to the Brenner Pass, damaging bridges at
Rovereto and Ala; marshalling yards at Rovereto and San Ambrogio di
Valpolicella and a bridge at Crema are less successfully hit; fighter-bombers
cut railroad bridges at Nervesa delta Battaglia and San Michele all'Adige;
the P-47s claim 3 fighters destroyed in combat N of Verona and attack
numerous targets of opportunity throughout the target areas; during the night
of 5/6 Feb, A-20s attack lights, roads, and motor transport in the C Po
Valley.

PACIFIC OCEAN AREA (POA)

  AAFPOA (Seventh Air Force): 9 Guam Island-based B-24s hit AA defenses and
radar and radio installations on Iwo Jima Island; 10 more bomb Ototo Jima
Island in the Volcano Islands and the the town of Omura on Kyushu Island,
Japan. 1 B-24 from Angaur Island bombs Koror Island in the Palau Islands, and
on Luzon Island, 2 hit Bulan Airfield and 19 bomb Corregidor Island in Manila
Bay. 8 B-24s from Guam Island fly individual strikes against Iwo Jima
airfields during the night of 6/7 Feb.

SOUTHWEST PACIFIC AREA [SWPA, Far East Air Force (FEAF)]: On Luzon, B-24s
bomb Corregidor Island gun positions; B-25s and P-38s hit Echague and a camp
on the Rosario-Baguio road; A-20s attack gun positions and defenses at
Nichols Field in support of ground forces and bomb Caballo Island. B-24s and
B-25s fly coastal sweeps hitting various targets at Divilacan Bay, Hondagua,
and the Bicol Peninsula. A-20s attack Fabrica Airfield on Negros Island,
Philippine Islands. B-24s, with P-38 support hit Manggar and Sepinggang
Airfields in Borneo. The detachment of the 25th Photographic Reconnaissance
Squadron, 6th Photographic Reconnaissance Group, operating from Dulag, Leyte
Island with F-5s, returns to base at San Jose, Mindoro. The 342d and 460th
Fighter Squadrons, 348th Fighter Group, move from Tanauan, Leyte to San
Marcelino, Luzon with P-47s.

WEDNESDAY, 7 FEBRUARY 1945

AMERICAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS 

  ALASKA (Eleventh Air Force): 6 B-24s off to Kataoka, Shimushu Island abort
the  mission when all aircraft accidentally drop bombs prior to the bombing
run. 4 B-25s weather abort.

CHINA-BURMA-INDIA THEATER

  CHINA THEATER (Fourteenth Air Force): In China, 11 P-51s knock out a bridge
at Hengshan; 34 P-40s hit river, road, and rail traffic from Kweiyi to
Hengshan, from Chiuchiang to Wuhu, from Siaokan southward, in the area S of
Tsinan, and N of Tehsien, and from Wan Mai-Lo, Burma to Luang Prabang, French
Indochina. 2 fighter-bombers hit the warehouse area at Kweihsien, China.

  HQ AAF (Twentieth Air Force): 2 missions are flown.
  Mission 34: 67 B-29s are dispatched to hit Saigon, French Indochina; 44
bomb the primary target (11 drop prematurely and 33 hit a residential
section), 19 hit Pnom Penh, a target of opportunity, and 2 bomb the last
resort target, the marshalling yard at Martaban, Burma; they claim 0-0-1
Japanese aircraft; 1 B-29 is lost.
  Mission 35: 64 B-29s are dispatched to hit the Rama VI bridge at Bangkok,
Thailand; 58  bomb and effect the collapse of most of middle span of the
bridge (this is the 3d strike at this target) and destroy the NE approach; 1
B-29 bombs the Martaban, Burma marshalling yard; no B-29s are lost.

  INDIA-BURMA THEATER (Tenth Air Force): In Burma, 11 B-25s attack tanks and
troops at Man Namman; 50 P-47s support forces preparing to cross the Shweli
River in the Myitson area; 40+ P-47s and P-40s attack troops and supply areas
at Nawngkalio, Man Li, Hsunkwe, Nawnghkio, Loi Hkam, Panghsapye, Na-lang,
Wingnang, and Pang Eng Hkye. 464 transport sorties are flown to advanced
bases and frontline areas. In India, the 5th and 6th Fighter Squadrons
(Commando), 1st Air Commando Group, move from Fenny and Asansol respectfully
to Hay with P-47s; the detachment of the 127th Liaison Squadron (Commando),
2d Air Commando Group, operating from Cox's Bazar with UC-64s and L-5s
returns to base at Kalaikunda; and the 317th Troop Carrier Squadron
(Commando), 2d Air Commando Group, moves from Kalaikunda to Palel with C-47s.

EUROPEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS (ETO)

  STRATEGIC OPERATIONS (Eighth Air Force): 2 missions are flown.
  Mission 822: 295 B-17s and 80 P-51s are recalled when they encounter a
weather front rising to 30,000 feet (9,144 m) over the North Sea; 1 B-17
attacks Essen; no bombers are lost. Escort is provided by 41 of 80 P-51s
without loss. 36 of 36 P-51s patrol the Siegen, Germany area without loss.
  Mission 823: 10 B-24s drop leaflets in the Netherlands and Germany during
the night without loss.

  TACTICAL OPERATIONS (Ninth Air Force): 16 B-26s strike the rail siding at
Lipp, Germany; weather cancels other operations. The 39th Photographic
Reconnaissance Squadron, Ninth AF, moves from Valenciennes to Amand, France
with F-5s (first mission is 16 Mar).

MEDITERRANEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS (MTO)

  STRATEGIC OPERATIONS (Fifteenth Air Force): 680 B-17s and B-24s bomb oil 
refineries at Moosbierbaum, Schwechat, and the Lobau, Floridsdorf, Korneuburg
and Kagran refineries in the Vienna, Austria area; oil storage at Pula,
Yugoslavia; shipyard and harbor of Trieste, Italy; the town of Bratislava,
Czechoslovakia; Zwolfaxing Airfield, Austria; and several scattered targets
of opportunity; 274 P-38s and P-51s provide escort. 8 B-24s drop supplies in
Yugoslavia. 18 P-51s strafe the Zeltweg Airfield in Austria and the
surrounding area while in Yugoslavia, 10 P-38s sweep the Zagreb-Karlovac-
Sisak area. Other P-38s fly reconnaissance and escort operations.

  TACTICAL OPERATIONS (Twelfth Air Force): In Italy during the night of 6/7
Feb, A-20s bomb lights and movement over extensive areas of N Italy; during
the day B-25 blasts cut bridges at Bodrez and Lavis, a viaduct at Lavis, and
block rail lines at San Michele all'Adige and Mantua; XXII Tactical Air
Command P-47s destroy 4 railroad bridges and damage another severely in the
NE and C Po Valley and Brenner Pass, and blast dumps and sugar refineries in
the Mantua, Brescia, and Reggio Emilia areas.

PACIFIC OCEAN AREA (POA)

  AAFPOA (Seventh Air Force): 6 B-24s from Saipan Island bomb the town of
Okimura on Haha Jima Island; 8 B-24s hit AA positions and radio and radar
installations on Iwo Jima Island, while 2 others bomb the airfield in Woleai
Atoll in the Caroline Islands. From Angaur Island 20 B-24s bomb Silay and
Talisay Airfields on Negros Island and 1 bombs Opon airfield on Mactan Island
in the Philippine Islands. 9 B-24s on snooper raids from Saipan Island during
the night of 7/8 Feb, bomb Iwo Jima airfields.

SOUTHWEST PACIFIC AREA [SWPA, Far East Air Force (FEAF)]: On Formosa, B-24s,
with P-38 support hit targets of opportunity at Heito Airfield and other
points (after weather prevents the bombing of Takao) and B-25s, with P-51
cover, fly several sweeps, claiming a sub sunk, a tanker set afire, a large
motor launch sunk, other shipping damaged, and several vehicles and an
airplane destroyed. On Luzon Island, A-20s, supporting ground operations,
attack the hills W of Clark Field. B-24s hit Bago and Mandaue on Negros
Island. In Borneo, other B-24s bomb Tawau and-in another mission-Miri
Airfield, Tutong oil refinery pump station and power house. The 341st Fighter
Squadron, 348th Fighter Group, moves from Tanauan, Leyte Island to San
Marcelino, Luzon with P-47s.

THURSDAY, 8 FEBRUARY 1945

AMERICAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS 

  ALASKA (Eleventh Air Force): In the Kurile Islands, 4 B-25s abort a mission
to the Masugawa River when unable to identify the target.

CHINA-BURMA-INDIA THEATER

  CHINA THEATER (Fourteenth Air Force): In China, 10 P-51s knock out a bridge
at Shihtangchung and blast a bridge approach at Changsha; 9 other fighters
knock out another bridge N of Changsha; 4 fighters hit railroad targets of
opportunity from Linfen to Yutze to Shihkiachwang and bomb Tsinan Airfield.

  HQ AAF (Twentieth Air Force): In India, HQ 58th Bombardment Wing (Very
Heavy) moves from Kharagpur to Hijli Base Area.

  INDIA-BURMA THEATER (Tenth Air Force): In Burma, 72 P-47s support ground
forces in the Myitson area; 37 P-47s and P-38s hit troops, supply areas,
ammunition dumps, and targets of opportunity at Namsaw, Hsunkwe, Loi-Kong,
Nawng-un, Hsipaw, Panghai, and Kongnio, and bomb a village near Pangkawn.
Transports fly 581 sorties carrying men and supplies to forward bases and
dropping supplies to frontline areas. The 155th Liaison Squadron (Commando),
2d Air Commando Group, based at Kalaikunda, India with UC-64s and L-5s, sends
a detachment to operate from various bases in Burma.

EUROPEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS (ETO)

  STRATEGIC OPERATIONS (Eighth Air Force): 150 B-17s and 264 B-24s dispatched
to attack targets in W Germany are recalled before leaving the UK coast due
to clouds over bases, routes, and targets. 98 of 99 P-51s fly a sweep
strafing rail traffic and parked aircraft; they claim 1-0-0 Luftwaffe
aircraft. 11 of 13 P-51s escort photo reconnaissance aircraft over Germany.

  TACTICAL OPERATIONS (Ninth Air Force): 320+ B-26s, A-20s, and A-26s strike
a road junction, marshalling yard, 3 defended areas, and 10 casual targets in
Germany. Fighters fly armed reconnaissance, bomb numerous ground targets, and
support the US XII Corps which has, on 7 Feb, crossed the Our and Sauer
Rivers between Vianden and Echternach, Luxembourg and established
bridgeheads. HQ 406th Fighter Group and the 512th Fighter Squadron move from
Metz, France to Assche, Belgium with P-47s. The 39th Photographic
Reconnaissance Squadron, Ninth AF, based at St Amand, France with F-5s, sends
a flight to operate from Le Culot, Belgium.

MEDITERRANEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS (MTO)

  STRATEGIC OPERATIONS (Fifteenth Air Force): In Austria, 500+ B-24s and
B-17s bomb SE Vienna communications targets and the marshalling yard at Graz,
plus several targets of opportunity; 270+ P-38s and P-51s escort. In
Yugoslavia, 12 B-24s drop supplies and 11 P-51s sweep the Zagreb area. Other
P-51s and P-38s fly reconnaissance and reconnaissance escort.

  TACTICAL OPERATIONS (Twelfth Air Force): In Italy during the night of 7/8
Feb, A-20s on intruder missions bomb various targets at 58 points in the Po
Valley and Brenner Pass area; medium bombers during the day attack bridges at
Calliano, Chiusaforte, Dogna and Piacenza; fighters and fighter-bombers
closely support US Fifth Army forces in the Serchio Valley where
counterattacks oppose the Allied offensive-and destroy the Nervesa della
Battaglia railroad bridge and oil dump N of Mestre.

PACIFIC OCEAN AREA (POA)

  AAFPOA (Seventh Air Force): 20 B-24s from Guam Island bomb radar and radio
installations and AA defenses on Iwo Jima Island in the afternoon; during the
night of 8/9 Feb, 10 B-24s fly single-plane snooper strikes against Iwo
Jima's airfields.

  HQ AAF (Twentieth Air Force): Mission 27: 30 of 31 B-29s from the Mariana
Islands bomb Airfield Number 1 on Moen Island in Truk Atoll, Caroline
Islands.

SOUTHWEST PACIFIC AREA [SWPA, Far East Air Force (FEAF)]: On Luzon Island,
B-24s bomb the town of Mariveles on Bataan Peninsula and B-25s sink or damage
several small vessels along the E coast and hit Legaspi Airfield. In Borneo,
B-24s bomb Manggar and Sepinggang Airfields. Units moving to San Marcelino,
Luzon: HQ 309th Bombardment Wing (Heavy) from Owi, Schouten Islands and the
421st Night Fighter Squadron, 86th Fighter Wing, from Tacloban, Leyte Island
with P-38s and P-61s.

FRIDAY, 9 FEBRUARY 1945

CHINA-BURMA-INDIA THEATER

  CHINA THEATER (Fourteenth Air Force): In China, 8 fighters hit rail bridges
in the Kiyang and Lukou areas, damaging 1 bridge; several trucks are strafed
and destroyed; 3 fighters on a railroad sweep destroy several locomotives
between Peking and Sinsiang; several other fighters bomb railroad yards at
Kaifeng and the airfield at Sinsiang; Chinese-American Composite Wing (CACW)
fighters make a surprise strike at Tsingtao Airfield, and claim about 100
aircraft destroyed and damaged, and also destroy several nearby locomotives.

  INDIA-BURMA THEATER (Tenth Air Force): In Burma, 10 B-25s damage a bridge
at Tonglau and destroy 1 bridge and damage another at Ke-hsi Mansam; 2 others
pound trucks, gun positions, and buildings during a road sweep from Hsipaw to
Loilem to Lashio; 9 P-47s knock out a bridge at Bawgyo and damage another at
Inailong; 22 P-47s support ground forces in the Myitson area; troops,
supplies, and communications are attacked at Tangtong, Man Mau, Se-u, Mansam,
Panghai, Na-lang, and Man hpat by 40+ fighter-bombers. 479 transport sorties
are flown to forward areas.

EUROPEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS (ETO)

  STRATEGIC OPERATIONS (Eighth Air Force): Mission 824: 1,296 bombers and
871 fighters in 6 forces hit oil targets in Germany; except where noted,
attacks were made with PFF; they claim 61-4-22 Luftwaffe aircraft; 8 bombers
and 5 fighters are lost:
  1. 313 B-24s are sent to hit the Rothensee oil plant at Magdeburg (10); 268
hit the secondary target, the marshalling yard at Magdeburg; targets of
opportunity are Tarchen (9) and Quackenbruck Airfield (1); the Magdeburg
attacks are made using H2X; they claim 0-0-1 aircraft; 3 B-24s are lost, 1
damaged beyond repair and 51 damaged; 14 airmen are KIA, 5 WIA and 20 MIA.
Escorting are 151 of 173 P-51s; they claim 9-0-5 aircraft in the air and
1-0-0 on the ground; 1 P-51 is lost (pilot MIA).
  2. 198 of 311 B-17s hit the secondary target, the munitions industry at
Weimar; targets of opportunity are the marshalling yards at Giessen (25)
and Gottingen (15), the munitions industry at Eisenach (11), Jena (11) and
Fulda (24) and other (4); attacks are made using H2X and visually; they claim
0-0-1 aircraft; 3 B-17s are lost, 1 damaged beyond repair and 7 damaged; 1
airman is WIA and 28 MIA. The escort is 271 of 274 P-51s; they claim 8-1-3
aircraft in the air and 2-0-9 on the ground; 1 P-51 is lost (pilot MIA) and 1
damaged beyond repair.
  3. 304 B-17s are dispatched to the oil plants at Lutzkendorf (233); 12 hit
the secondary target, Erfurt; targets of opportunity are Eisenach (13, using
H2X radar), Eisleben (13), Montesada (11) and other (3); all attacks except 1
were visual; 1 B-17 is lost, 2 damaged beyond repair and 64 damaged; 6 airmen
are KIA, 3 WIA and 26 MIA. 193 of 215 P-51s escort and claim 2-1-0 aircraft
in the air and 34-0-3 on the ground; 3 P-51s are lost (pilots MIA) and 1
damaged beyond repair.
  4. 64 of 65 B-24s hit the Schildesche rail viaduct at Bielefeld using Gee-H
without loss. 39 of 40 P-47s escort without loss.
  5. 151 B-17s are sent to hit the Altenbeken rail viaduct at Paderborn
(72) and the Arnsberg rail viaduct (75) using Gee-H; 1 B-17 is lost and 1
damaged. 47 of 53 P-51s escort without loss.
  6. 107 of 152 B-17s hit the secondary target, oil plants at Dulmen using
Micro H; 21 hit a target of opportunity, the marshalling yard at Munster with
H2X radar; 10 B-17s are damaged. Escorting are 55 of 60 P-51s without loss.
  7. 33 of 35 P-51s fly a scouting mission; they claim 5-1-0 aircraft in
the air without loss.
  8 20 of 21 P-51s escort photo reconnaissance missions over Germany.

  TACTICAL OPERATIONS (Ninth Air Force): In Germany, 347 A-20s, A-26s, and
B-26s bomb communications centers at Viersen and Kempen, marshalling yards at
Rheydt, Grevenbroich, and Viersen, and rail bridges at Neuwied-Irlich and
Sinzig. Fighters fly armed reconnaissance over the E and W of the Rhine
River, attack rail bridges, and support US XII Corps bridgeheads across the
Our and Sauer Rivers. In France, HQ 323d Bombardment Group (Medium) and the
453d, 454th, 455th and 456th Bombardment Squadrons move from Athies Airfield,
Laon to Prouvy Airfield, Denain and Valenciennes (454th) with B-26s; HQ 410th
Bombardment Group (Light) and the 644th, 645th, 646th and 647th Bombardment
Squadrons (Light) move from Coulommiers to Juvincourt with A-20s; and the
669th Bombardment Squadron (Light), 416th Bombardment Group (Light) moves
from Melun to Athies Airfield, Laon with A-26s. HQ 405th Fighter Group and
the 511th Fighter Squadron move from St Dizier, France to Ophoven, Belgium
with P-47s.

MEDITERRANEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS (MTO)

  STRATEGIC OPERATIONS (Fifteenth Air Force): During the night of 8/9 Feb, 1
B-17 and 10 B-24s drop supplies in N Italy. During the day in Austria, 49
bombers hit the Moosbierbaum oil refinery; 5 others bomb marshalling yards at
Graz and Bruck an der Mur. 11 B-24s drop supplies in C Yugoslavia, while
P-38s and P-51s fly reconnaissance missions and reconnaissance and supply
escort.

  TACTICAL OPERATIONS (Twelfth Air Force): In Italy during the night of 8/9
Feb, A-20s and A-26s on intruder missions attack communications targets
throughout the C and NE Po Valley; weather restricts daytime operations to
weather reconnaissance and supply dropping missions.

PACIFIC OCEAN AREA (POA)

  AAFPOA 
    Seventh Air Force: 22 B-24s from Guam and Saipan Islands bomb airfields,
defense and radar-radio installations and AA positions on Iwo Jima Island;
during the night of 9/10 Feb, 11 more B-24s from Saipan make separate strikes
against airfields and AA defenses. HQ 21st Fighter Group departs Hawaii for
Iwo Jima. 
    VI Air Service Area Command: The 311th Troop Carrier Squadron arrives at
Kahuku, Hawaii from the U.S. with C-47s (the squadron will perform aerial
transportation in the C and W Pacific, Feb-2 Sep 45).

  HQ AAF (Twentieth Air Force): Mission 28: 29 XXI Bomber Command B-29s hit
Moen Island for the second consecutive day, bombing airfield number 2.

SOUTHWEST PACIFIC AREA [SWPA, Far East Air Force (FEAF)]: On Luzon Island,
B-24s fly morning and afternoon raids against Corregidor Island gun
positions; A-20s also hit the island fortress; Mariveles and the S part of
Bataan Peninsula are pounded by B-24s and A-20s throughout the morning and
afternoon; B-25s and P-51s hit shipping near Legaspi and in San Miguel Bay
and destroy buildings at San Fernando on Negros Island. In support of ground
forces, A-24s and P-40s over Balete Pass area attack bridges and roads. The
17th Photographic Reconnaissance Squadron, Thirteenth AF, based on Morotai
Island with B-25s and F-5s, sends a detachment to operate from Dulag, Leyte
Island. The 421st Night Fighter Squadron, 86th Fighter Wing, based at San
Marcelino, Luzon with P-38s and P-61s, sends a detachment to operate from
Tacloban, Leyte.

SATURDAY, 10 FEBRUARY 1945

CHINA-BURMA-INDIA THEATER

  CHINA THEATER (Fourteenth Air Force): In China, HQ 308th Bombardment Group
(Heavy) moves from Kunming to Hsinching; the 35th Photographic Reconnaissance
Squadron, Fourteenth AF, based at Chanyi with F-5s, sends a flight to operate
from Chengkung (another flight is at Chihkiang).

  INDIA-BURMA THEATER (Tenth Air Force): In Burma, 5 B-25s destroy the Laihka
Bridge; 4 others hit the Namsang Bridge, with poor results; 9 P-47s knock out
approaches to the Pa-mao Bridge while 8 others destroy half of the bridge at
Inailong; 15 P-47s support ground forces in the Mongmit area, concentrating
on Japanese positions S of Myitson; 76 fighter-bombers attack troops and
supply areas at Panglong, Namsangsok, Namtu, Kutkai, Mong Yaw, Mongmit,
Ho-mong, Man Pwe, Namsam, and Loiya. Again transports fly 500+ sorties to
forward areas.

EUROPEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS (ETO)

  STRATEGIC OPERATIONS (Eighth Air Force): 2 missions are flown.
  Mission 825: 9 of 164 B-17s carry out the first DISNEY mission (Royal Navy
rocket-boosted concrete piercing bombs) against the U-boat pens at Ijmuiden,
the Netherlands visually; 140 hit the secondary target, the oil storage depot
at Dulmen, Germany using Micro H; and 1 hits Lingen, a target of opportunity;
5 B-17s fly a screening mission; 5 B-17s are damaged. Escorting are 102 of
106 P-51s without loss. 3 of 6 P-51s fly a scouting mission and 20 of 21
P-51s escort photo reconnaissance aircraft over Germany. 102 of 104 P-51s fly
a strafing mission in the Steinhuder Lake area but abort because of bad
weather; 2 P-51s are lost.
  Mission 826: 1 B-17 and 11 of 12 B-24s drop leaflets in the Netherlands and
Germany during the night; 1 airman is KIA.

  TACTICAL OPERATIONS (Ninth Air Force): In Germany, 320+ bombers of the 9th
Bombardment Division attack communications centers at Kempen, Horrem, and
Euskirchen, vehicle center and depot at Munstereifeland at Berg-Gladbach, and
several casual targets including rail bridge at Bullay; fighters escort the 
bombers, fly patrols and armed reconnaissance, bomb bridges, attack railroad
cars and other targets, and support the US VIII and XII Corps in the Prum
area on the Prum River and in the bridgehead area E of the Sauer River NW of
Echternach, Luxembourg. In France, HQ 416th Bombardment Group (Light) and the
668th and 670th Bombardment Squadrons (Light) move from Melun to Athies
Airfield, Laon with A-26s; the 39th Photographic Reconnaissance Squadron,
Ninth AF, based at St Amand with F-5s, sends a flight to operate from Jarny
(another flight is at Le Culot, Belgium).

MEDITERRANEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS (MTO)

  STRATEGIC OPERATIONS (Fifteenth Air Force): Bad weather prevents bombing;
12 B-24s drop supplies in Yugoslavia while P-38s fly reconnaissance and
escort missions.

  TACTICAL OPERATIONS (Twelfth Air Force): In Italy during the night of 9/10
Feb, A-20s and A-26s hit railroads, lights, and movement in the Po Valley and
Brenner area and bomb docks at La Spezia; weather cancels all but 2 medium
bomber missions; however, the B-25s cut bridges at Palazzuolo sull' Oglio and
Romano di Lombardia; fighter-bombers concentrate on railroads in NE Italy,
and destroy numerous vehicles in a truck park in the Mantua area.

PACIFIC OCEAN AREA (POA)

  AAFPOA (Seventh Air Force): 10 Guam Island-based B-24s bomb Okimura on Haha
Jima Island; 6 P-38s escort a photo mission and fly fighter a sweep over Iwo
Jima Island. 17 B-24s from Guam, with P-38 escort, pound Iwo Jima in the late
afternoon, and 9 more make single bomber harassment strikes on the island
during the night of 10/11 Feb.

  HQ AAF (Twentieth Air Force): Mission 29: 118 B-29s from the Mariana
Islands are dispatched to hit the Nakajima aircraft plant at Ota, Japan; 84
hit the primary target and 14 hit other targets; they claim 21-15-26 Japanese
aircraft; 12 B-29s are lost. 

SOUTHWEST PACIFIC AREA [SWPA, Far East Air Force (FEAF)]: Brigadier General
Frederick H Smith Jr becomes Commanding General V Fighter Command.
  On Luzon, B-24s again blast Japanese gun positions while P-51s and P-38s,
supporting ground forces hit communications targets in the Bayambang-Santa Fe
area, while B-25s in the area blast villages where vehicles are hidden;
B-24s, A-20s, and fighter-bombers completely saturate the S part of Bataan
Peninsula with bombs during morning and afternoon attacks, thoroughly
pummelling defenses and forces. P-47s on a fighter sweep over Formosa claim
10 aerial victories. HQ 312th Bombardment Group (Light) and the 386th and
387th Bombardment Squadrons (Light) move from Tanauan, Leyte Island to
Mangaldan, Luzon with A-20s.

SUNDAY, 11 FEBRUARY 1945

AMERICAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS 

  ALASKA (Eleventh Air Force): Of 7 B-24s off on an air cover mission for a
naval task force, only 3 reach the target.

CHINA-BURMA-INDIA THEATER

  CHINA THEATER (Fourteenth Air Force): In China, 17 B-25s hit railroad yards
at Sinyang and Lohochai and a locomotive foundry at Hsuchang; 23 P-47s pound
Hankow Airfield; 8 fighters hit Anyang Airfield and Pinghan railroad targets
of opportunity; B-24s claim 2 cargo vessels sunk in the S China Sea.

  HQ AAF (Twentieth Air Force): Mission 36: 56 of 59 B-29s bomb storage dumps
around Rangoon, Burma; they claim 0-0-3 Japanese aircraft; no B-29s are lost;
the mission is flown in conjunction with B-24s of the Eastern Air Command's
Strategic AF which also hit the target.

  INDIA-BURMA THEATER (Tenth Air Force): In Burma, 11 B-25s bomb troops and
supplies at Loilem; 22 P-47s support ground forces in the Mongmit area,
hitting buildings at Nabu and Japanese positions S of Myitson; 100+ fighter-
bombers pound troop concentrations, supplies, ammunition dumps, gun
positions, and targets of opportunity at several locations including
Pangsang, Taung-gaing, Panghsapye, Nampok, Byaungbyan, Manai, Kutkai,
Mongmit, Namun, and Pangmakhe-leng. Transports complete 503 sorties to
forward bases and over frontline areas (dropping supplies).

EUROPEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS (ETO)

  STRATEGIC OPERATIONS (Eighth Air Force): Mission 827: In Germany, 124 of
127 B-24s attack the Dulmen oil depot using Micro H; 1 B-24 hits the Lochern
road junction using H2X; no losses. Escorting are 50 of 51 P-51s without
loss. Other fighter missions are:
  1. 48 of 51 P-51s hit the Celle/Uelzen railroad without loss.
  2. 183 of 192 P-51s make a sweep over NW Germany; 1 P-51 is lost (pilot
MIA).
  3. 7 of 11 P-51s escort photo reconnaissance aircraft over Germany without
loss.
  4. 8 P-51s fly a scouting mission without loss.

  TACTICAL OPERATIONS (Ninth Air Force): In Germany, 97 B-26s and A-20s bomb
the Bingen and Modrath marshalling yards; fighters fly armed reconnaissance
and patrols, attack special targets and targets of opportunity, and attack in
cooperation with the US XII Corps across the Sauer River NW of Echternach,
Luxembourg. The flight of the 112th Liaison Squadron, Ninth AF (attached to
HQ Command, SHAFE), operating from Namur, Belgium with UC-78s and L-5s,
returns to base at Buc, France.

MEDITERRANEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS (MTO)

  STRATEGIC OPERATIONS (Fifteenth Air Force): Bad weather limits operations
to B-24 supply mission to Yugoslavia during the night of 10/11 Feb and to
P-38 reconnaissance missions.

  TACTICAL OPERATIONS (Twelfth Air Force): In Italy, A-20s on night intruder
missions attack enemy movement and lights at various points in N Italy, hit
bridges in the Po Valley, and attack frontline positions in the N Apennines;
weather grounds the medium bombers but fighters and fighter-bombers blast
railroad bridges and lines in the NE and C Po Valley and stores and supply
dumps in the C and W Po River areas.

PACIFIC OCEAN AREA (POA)

  AAFPOA (Seventh Air Force): 21 B-24s from Saipan Island, operating in 2
separate forces, bomb airfields and defenses on Iwo Jima Island; 3 others, on
armed reconnaissance, bomb Marcus Island. 25 B-24s based on Angaur Island
bomb Corregidor Island in Manila Bay on Luzon Island. During the night of
11/12 Feb, 10 B-24s from Saipan fly individual harassment strikes against Iwo
Jima.

  HQ AAF (Twentieth Air Force): Mission 30: 9 B-29s from the Mariana Islands
carry out a reconnaissance mission for the US Navy; 1 returns early; the area
covers 135-OOE to 148-OOE to 30-OON.

SOUTHWEST PACIFIC AREA [SWPA, Far East Air Force (FEAF)]: On Luzon Island,
B-24s attack Corregidor Island almost continuously throughout the day;
fighter-bombers support ground forces blasting numerous targets from
Cauringan to Taytay and at Wawa, Montalban, Antipolo, and Marikina. P-47s
blast a train NE of Heito, Formosa. B-24s fly a light strike against Bago on
Negros Island. The 388th and 389th Bombardment Squadrons (Light), 312th
Bombardment Group (Light), move from San Jose, Mindoro Island to Mangaldan,
Luzon with A-20s.

MONDAY, 12 FEBRUARY 1945

AMERICAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS 

  ALASKA (Eleventh Air Force): B-25s cancel a cover mission for a naval force
because of weather.

CHINA-BURMA-INDIA THEATER

  CHINA THEATER (Fourteenth Air Force): In China, 6 P-51s destroy 6
locomotives between Suchow and Pengpu and strafe the Nanking and Suchow
airfields; other fighters claim at least 10 more locomotives destroyed in
areas S of the Yellow River; P-40s bomb troops in the Hsiangcheng area and
hit trains on the Pinghan railroad; HQ 81st Fighter Group and the 92d Fighter
Squadron move from Kwanghan to Fungwansham with P-47s.

  INDIA-BURMA THEATER (Tenth Air Force): 23 P-47s support ground forces
hitting NE of Nabu and bombing mortar positions S of Myitson; 4 others
support forces at Loiya; 3 P-47s severely damage a bridge at Pa-mao; 60+
P-47s and P-38s pound supply areas, troops, tanks, and trucks at various
locations including Hu-kawt, Kongtap, Namtu, Namta-gun, Mongmit, Loingu, and
Tonsing. 520 transport sorties are flown to forward areas throughout the day.

EUROPEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS (ETO)

  AIRBORNE OPERATIONS (IX Troop Carrier Command): HQ 434th Troop Carrier
Group and the 71st, 72d, 73d and 74th Troop Carrier Squadrons move from
Aldermaston, England to Mourmelon-le-Grand, France with C-47s.

  STRATEGIC OPERATIONS (Eighth Air Force): Mission 828: During the night, 6
of 7 B-24s drop leaflets in the Netherlands and Germany without loss. In
England, HQ 92d Combat Bombardment Wing (Heavy) moves from St Edmunds to
Elveden Hall after all it's bombardment groups are reassigned.

  TACTICAL OPERATIONS (Ninth Air Force): All combat operations cancelled
because of bad weather. In France, HQ 409th Bombardment Group (Light) and the
640th, 641st, 642d and 643d Bombardment Squadrons move from Bretigny to
Couvron Airfield, Laon with A-26s.

MEDITERRANEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS (MTO)

  STRATEGIC OPERATIONS (Fifteenth Air Force): Continued bad weather restricts
operations to reconnaissance and reconnaissance escort by P-38s and P-51s.

  TACTICAL OPERATIONS (Twelfth Air Force): In Italy, A-20s, during the night
of 11/12 Feb, bomb communications targets in the Po Valley and NE Italy,
including the Brenner Pass area; bad weather during the day restricts medium
bomber operations to bombing the bridge at Ala and a a sugar refinery at
Legnago; only 1 fighter gp, the 57th, can operate, hitting bridges, rail
lines, and guns in the Po Valley.

PACIFIC OCEAN AREA (POA)

  AAFPOA (Seventh Air Force): 9 Guam Island-based B-24s pound Chichi Jima
Island naval installations while 19 bomb airfields and defenses on Iwo Jima
Island; during the night of 12/13 Feb, 8 B-24s from Guam fly single bomber
harassment strikes against both Iwo and Chichi Jima.

  HQ AAF (Twentieth Air Force): 2 missions are flown.
    Mission 31: 21 B-29s from the Mariana Islands bomb heavy AA sites on Iwo
Jima Island in preparation for the amphibious invasion of the island on 19
Feb; no losses.
    Mission 32: 10 B-29s fly a reconnaissance mission for the US Navy
covering from 135-OOE to 148-OOE and to 30-OON; 1 B-29 is lost. 

SOUTHWEST PACIFIC AREA [SWPA, Far East Air Force (FEAF)]: On Luzon Island,
B-24s continue to pound Corregidor Island in Manila Bay; A-20s sweeping S
Bataan Peninsula, sink about 30 barges loaded with troops, ammunition, and
supplies; throughout the day B-25s and fighters directly support ground
forces on the Bataan Peninsula and from Lingayen Gulf area to Nichols Field.
The 67th Fighter Squadron, 347th Fighter Group, based on Middelburg Island,
New Guinea with P-38s, begins operating from Morotai Island. The 498th,
499th, 500th and 501st Bombardment Squadron (Medium), 345th Bombardment Group
(Medium), move from Tacloban, Leyte Island to San Marcelino, Luzon with
B-25s.

TUESDAY, 13 FEBRUARY 1945

AMERICAN THEATER

  CARIBBEAN (Sixth Air Force): The 74th Bombardment Squadron (Heavy), VI
Bomber Command, moves from the Galapagos Islands to Aguadulce, Panama with
B-24s.

CHINA-BURMA-INDIA THEATER

  CHINA THEATER (Fourteenth Air Force): In China, fighters sweep the railroad
from Sinyang to Hsuchang, bomb the approach to a Hsuchang bridge, and strafe
Sinyang and Ichang Airfields; B-25s bomb a foundry at Hsuchang

  INDIA-BURMA THEATER (Tenth Air Force): In Burma, troop concentrations,
supply areas, and targets of opportunity are pounded by 70 fighter-bombers at
several locations including Kongpaw, Namtu, Kyao-hpak, Laihka, Kon-wet, Mong
Pa, Hkom-nio, and Naung-lang; 19 fighter-bombers support ground forces in the
Mongmit-Myitson area; 16 fighter-bombers knock out the approach to the main
bridge and damage the bypass bridge at Hay-ti. 477 air supply sorties are
flown by transports throughout the day. In India, the 1st and 2d Fighter
Squadrons (Commando) move from Kalaikunda to Cox's Bazar with P-51s.

EUROPEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS (ETO)

  AIRBORNE OPERATIONS (IX Troop Carrier Command): HQ 435th Troop Carrier
Group moves from Welford Park, England to Bretigny, France.

  STRATEGIC OPERATIONS (Eighth Air Force): Mission 829: 9 B-24s drop leaflet
in the Netherlands and Germany during the night without loss.

  TACTICAL OPERATIONS (Ninth Air Force): In Germany, 320+ B-26s, A-26s, and
A-20s, attack rail bridges at Sinzig, Neuwied-Irlich, and Euskirchen,
military transport depots at Schwelm and Iserlohn, defended points at
Wittlich, and targets of opportunity; fighters escort the A-20s, A-26 and
B-26s, bomb the Neuss and Zieverich bridges and other targets, fly armed
reconnaissance, and support Third Army elements from Prum to Saarlautern
along the Our and Sauer Rivers, and Saar River bridgehead areas. In France,
HQ 97th Combat Bombardment Wing (Light) moves from Voisenon to Marchais; the
39th Photographic Reconnaissance Squadron, Ninth AF, based at Amand with
F-5s, sends a flight to operate from Gosselies, Belgium (another flight is
operating from Jarny); and the 405th Fighter Squadron, 371st Fighter Group,
moves from Tantonville to Metz with P-47s. The 155th Photographic
Reconnaissance Squadron, 10th Photographic Group (Reconnaissance), moves from
St Dizier, France to Le Culot, Belgium with A-20s and F-3s.

MEDITERRANEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS (MTO)

  STRATEGIC OPERATIONS (Fifteenth Air Force): In the Vienna area of Austria,
640+ B-17s and B-24s with fighter support hit the S ordnance depot, S and SE
goods yards and depot, C repair shops, and Matzleinsdorf marshalling yard,
and the marshalling yards at Graz, Austria; Sarvar, Hungary; and in
Yugoslavia, 2 at Zagreb and 2 at Maribor, the Pula harbor, the Maribor
locomotive depot and rolling stock repair shops, and several targets of
opportunity. P-38s and P-51s carry out reconnaissance and reconnaissance
escort missions.

  TACTICAL OPERATIONS (Twelfth Air Force): In Italy during the night of 12/13
Feb, A-20s attack enemy movement in the C and NC Po Valley; medium bombers
hit bridges at Calcinato, Dogna, and Chiusaforte and the bridge approach at
Lavis; fighter-bombers fly nearly 350 sorties against enemy communications in
N Italy including marshalling yards at Verona, Parma, and Vicenza.

PACIFIC OCEAN AREA (POA)

  AAFPOA (Seventh Air Force): 25 B-24s from Saipan Island fly two strikes
against Iwo Jima Island, while 10 others hit Haha Jima Island; during the
night of 13/14 Feb, 5 B-24s, flying individual harassment strikes, bomb Iwo
Jima at intervals over an 8-hour period.

SOUTHWEST PACIFIC AREA [SWPA, Far East Air Force (FEAF)]: On Luzon Island,
B-24s continue to pound Corregidor Island in Manila Bay as a large segment of
B-24s attack the main coastal guns and score direct hits on several
batteries; B-24s bomb Mariveles on Bataan Peninsula while A-20s and P-47s bomb
and strafe targets of opportunity throughout the S part of Bataan Peninsula;
B-25s and fighters attack small shipping during sweeps of E and N coasts.
B-25s, with fighter support, hit Kagi Airfield on Formosa. HQ 345th
Bombardment Group (Medium), moves from Tacloban, Leyte Island to San
Marcelino, Luzon. The 339th Fighter Squadron, 347th Fighter Group, based on
Middelburg Island, New Guinea with P-38s, begins operating from Morotai
Island.

WEDNESDAY, 14 FEBRUARY 1945

AMERICAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS 

  ALASKA (Eleventh Air Force): 3 B-24s bomb and photograph Suribachi Airfield
on Paramushiru Island, Kurile Islands (the secondary target).

CHINA-BURMA-INDIA THEATER

  CHINA THEATER (Fourteenth Air Force): In China, P-47s bomb Kaifeng Airfield
and P-51s hit Shihkiachwang Airfield, destroying several parked aircraft; the
P-51s afterwards blast 7 locomotives between Puchou and Sinsiang; other
fighters destroy 7 more locomotives between Sinyang and Hsuchang, bomb
the railroad yards at Lohochai, and destroy a fuel dump at Hsiangcheng.

  INDIA-BURMA THEATER (Tenth Air Force): In Burma, 12 B-25s attack vehicles
along roads from Lashio to Takaw to Hopong; 7 P-47s strafe Laihka Airfield;
bad weather cancels other scheduled offensive missions. Transports continue
to operate despite the weather, completing 520 sorties to forward areas.

EUROPEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS (ETO)

  STRATEGIC OPERATIONS (Eighth Air Force): 2 missions are flown.
  Mission 830: 1,377 bombers and 962 fighters are dispatched to hit oil and
rail targets in Germany; bombing of most targets is by H2X radar; they claim
11-0-3 Luftwaffe aircraft; 7 bombers and 7 fighters are lost:
  1. 461 B-17s are dispatched to hit the marshalling yard at Dresden (311);
targets of opportunity are Prague (62), Brux (25) and Pilsen (12) in
Czechoslovakia and other (25); they claim 1-0-0 aircraft; 5 B-17s are lost, 3
damaged beyond repair and 54 damaged; 4 airmen are KIA, 15 WIA and 49 MIA.
Escorting are 281 of 316 P-51s; 3 are lost (pilots MIA) and 1 damaged beyond
repair.
  2. 457 B-17s are sent to hit the marshalling yard at Chemnitz (294);
targets of opportunity are Eger Airfield (38), Bamberg (33), Sonneberg (23),
Tachau (24), Hof marshalling yard (12) and other (17); 1 B-17 is lost, 3
damaged beyond repair and 103 damaged; 2 airmen are KIA, 4 WIA and 14 MIA.
The escort is 224 of 238 P-51s; 2 are lost (pilots MIA) and 1 damaged beyond
repair.
  3. 375 B-24s are sent to hit an oil refinery at Magdeburg but are unable to
attack due to weather; 340 hit the secondary, the marshalling yard at
Magdeburg; targets of opportunity are Emlicheim (1), Meppen (1), Bodenteich
(1) and other (1); 1 B-24 is lost, 2 damaged beyond repair and 16 damaged; 9
airmen are MIA. 253 of 273 P-51s escort; they claim 10-0-3 aircraft; 2 P-51s
are lost (pilots MIA).
  4. 84 B-17s are sent to hit the Wesel road bridge (37); 35 hit the
secondary, the Dulmen oil depot and 1 hits Ahaus, a target of opportunity; 15
B-17s are damaged. 26 of 30 P-51s escort the bombers.
  5. 44 of 49 P-47s fly a sweep of the Magdeburg area without loss.
  6. 24 P-51s escort photo reconnaissance aircraft over Germany.
  7. 29 of 32 P-51s fly a scouting mission.
  Mission 831: 10 B-24s drop leaflet in the Netherlands and Germany during
the night.

  TACTICAL OPERATIONS (Ninth Air Force): In Germany, 600+ A-20s, A-26s, and
B-26s attack rail bridges, a marshalling yard, communications centers, an
ammunition dump, a prime mover depot, and several targets of opportunity in
morning and afternoon missions aimed primarily at obstructing enemy movement
and supply; fighters fly armed reconnaissance over wide areas, escort the
bombers bombers, attack river traffic, bridges, and other targets, and
support US Third Army elements E of the Our and Sauer Rivers.

MEDITERRANEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS (MTO)

  STRATEGIC OPERATIONS (Fifteenth Air Force): 500+ B-24s and B-17s bomb the
Moosbierbaum, Vienna/Lobau, Vienna/Floridsdorf, and Schwechat oil refineries
in the Vienna, Austria area; marshalling yards at Graz, Gleisdorf,
Klagenfurt, and Villach, Austria; Celje, Maribor, and Zagreb, Yugoslavia; and
several scattered targets of opportunity; P-38s also bomb the Moosbierbaum
refinery and Maribor marshalling yard; other P-38s and P-51s escort the
bombers, fly photo and weather reconnaissance, and escort reconnaissance
missions.

  TACTICAL OPERATIONS (Twelfth Air Force): In Italy during the night of 13/14
Feb, A-20s bomb the bridge approach at Castelnuovo di Garfagnana and hit
targets of opportunity in the Po Valley; during the day medium bombers bomb
bridges or bridge approaches at San Michele all'Adige, Tarvisio, Bressanone,
and hit guns near Ponte Gardena; fighters and fighter-bombers, operating in
poor weather, attack mainly communications targets in the Po Valley.

PACIFIC OCEAN AREA (POA)

  AAFPOA (Seventh Air Force): 17 Guam Island-based B-24s pound defenses and
radar and radio installations on Iwo Jima Island at midday; during the night
of 14/15 Feb, 5 more B-24s, flying individual snooper missions bomb Iwo Jima
Airfield and AA positions while 4 in separate strikes hit Susaki Airfield on
Chichi Jima Island.

  HQ AAF (Twentieth Air Force): Mission 33: 6 B-29s from the Mariana Islands
again carry out a reconnaissance mission for the  US Navy, covering the area
northward from the base line at 28-02N 145-55E to 28-44N 148-OOE.

SOUTHWEST PACIFIC AREA [SWPA, Far East Air Force (FEAF)]: On Luzon Island,
B-24s continue to bomb Corregidor Island in Manila Bay, concentrating on the
dock area and gun positions; other B-24s bomb Mariveles on Bataan Peninsula
and B-25s bomb the airfield at Tuguegarao; B-25s and fighters provide
excellent support for ground forces, blasting guns and troops W of Clark
Field, N of Marikina airfield, and N of Montalban; A-20s pound the general
area of S Bataan. On Mindanao Island, B-25s bomb barges at Zamboanga and
P-38s bomb Matina Airfield. Fighters on armed reconnaissance strafe airfields
on Negros and Cebu Islands. A few B-25s bomb Kagi Airfield on Formosa and
nearby targets of opportunity. HQ 54th Troop Carrier Wing moves from Biak
Island, New Guinea to Leyte Island. The 550th Night Fighter Squadron, XIII
Fighter Command (attached to XIII Bomber Command) moves from Hollandia, New
Guinea to Morotai Island with P-38s, P-61s and P-70s (the detachment
operating from Middelburg Island also moves to Morotai).

THURSDAY, 15 FEBRUARY 1945

CHINA-BURMA-INDIA THEATER

  CHINA THEATER (Fourteenth Air Force): In China, 15 fighter-bombers attack
railroad targets at Saiping, in the Hankow area, N of Sinantien, between
Hsuchang and Loyang, and along the Yangtze River from Wuhu to Hankow; the
27th Troop Carrier Squadron, 443d Troop Carrier Group, moves from Yunnani to
Chengkung with C-47s; the 528th Fighter Squadron, 311th Fighter Group, based
at Shwangliu with P-51s, sends a detachment to operate from Hsian.

  INDIA-BURMA THEATER (Tenth Air Force): In Burma, 12 B-25s hit buildings,
troops, and other targets of opportunity during a sweep from Lashio to
Loilem and along the road E and W from Loilem; 20 P-47s fly close support
strikes in the Mongmit-Myitson area; a bridge at Hay-ti is knocked out by 6
P-47s; 56 P-47s attack troops, town areas, and supplies at Paukmyaing,
Nam-hpuktok, Namtoi, and Namhu-tau and 8 P-47s hit the Li-lu ferry area.
Large-scale transport operations continue; 511 sorties are flown to forward
areas.

EUROPEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS (ETO)

  STRATEGIC OPERATIONS (Eighth Air Force): Mission 832: 1,131 bombers and 510
fighters are dispatched to hit oil targets in Germany; with some exceptions,
all attacks are made using H2X radar; they claim 2-0-0 Luftwaffe aircraft; 2
bombers and 1 P-51 are lost
  1. 459 B-17s are sent to hit oil targets at Bohlen; 435 hit the secondary,
the marshalling yard at Cottbus; targets of opportunity are Dresden (1), 
Quackenbruck (1) and other (2); 1 B-17 is lost, 1 damaged beyond repair and
34 damaged; 3 airmen are WIA and 9 MIA. 153 of 173 P-51s escort; they claim
2-0-0 aircraft; 3 P-51s are damaged beyond repair.
  2. 224 B-17s are dispatched to hit oil targets at Ruhland; 210 hit the
secondary, Dresden; targets of opportunity are Lingen (1) and the Ems-Weser
Canal (1); 4 B-17s are damaged beyond repair and 8 damaged; 7 airmen are KIA
and 8 WIA. Escorting are 141 of 158 P-51s; 1 is lost (pilot MIA).
  3. 353 of 372 B-24s hit the Magdeburg synthetic oil plant; 1 B-24 is lost,
3 damaged beyond repair and 32 damaged; 2 airmen are KIA and 3 MIA. The
escort is 110 of 120 P-51s.
  4. 58 of 76 B-17s hit a target of last resort, the Rheine marshalling yard;
13 others hit Munster, a target of opportunity. Escorting are 27 P-47s.
  5. 4 P-51s escort photo reconnaissance aircraft over Germany.
  6. 25 of 28 P-51s fly a scouting mission.

  TACTICAL OPERATIONS (Ninth Air Force): In Germany, around 90 B-26s bomb
Sinzig and Mayen rail bridges and 4 targets of opportunity in the area;
fighters patrol points along the battlefront, attack railroads and other
special targets, fly armed reconnaissance and support the US VII, VIII, XII,
and XX Corps along the Roer and Prum Rivers and in the Saar River bridgehead
area. In France, HQ 371st Fighter Group and the 404th and 406th Fighter
Squadrons move from Tantonville to Metz with P-47s; and the 671st Bombardment
Squadron (Light), 416th Bombardment Group (Light), moves from Melun to Athies
Airfield, Laon with A-26s.

MEDITERRANEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS (MTO)

  STRATEGIC OPERATIONS (Fifteenth Air Force): In Austria, 650+ B-24s and
B-17s bomb 5 station freight yards, SE goods depot, Korneuburg oil refinery,
and Vienna/Floridsdorf, Matzleinsdorf, and Penzing marshalling yards all in
the Vienna area, plus marshalling yards at Klagenfurt, Wiener-Neustadt and
Graz, the Graz ordnance depot, shipyards in Fiume, Italy and scattered
targets of opportunity are also hit; fighters escort the bombers and fly
reconnaissance and reconnaissance escort missions.

  TACTICAL OPERATIONS (Twelfth Air Force): In Italy, medium bombers bomb the
Spilimbergo ammunition dumps through an overcast, but are forced by the bad
weather to cancel all other operations; fighter-bombers, limited by weather,
concentrate on railway targets in NE and W Po Valley.

PACIFIC OCEAN AREA (POA)

  AAFPOA 
    VI Air Service Area Command: The 311th Troop Carrier Squadron, VI Air
Service Area Command, moves from Kahuku to Bellows Field, Hawaii with C-47s.
    Seventh Air Force: 24 B-24s from Saipan Island, in two separate strikes,
bomb Iwo Jima Island airfields and AA defenses; 12 others hit the airfield on
Chichi Jima Island; 4 B-24s from Guam Island, escorting photo aircraft over
Truk Atoll, bomb airfields on Param and Moen Islands; 5 B-24s fly night
harassment raids against Iwo and Chichi Jima. 

  HQ AAF (Twentieth Air Force): Mission 34: 117 B-29s from the Mariana
Islands are dispatched to hit the Mitsubishi aircraft engine works at Nagoya,
Japan; 33 hit the primary; 68 hit targets of last resort and targets of
opportunity, 54 of them bombing Hamamatsu; they claim 7-8-23 Japanese
aircraft; 1 B-29 is lost.

SOUTHWEST PACIFIC AREA [SWPA, Far East Air Force (FEAF)]: B-25s attack
bridges in the S part of Formosa. B-24s again blast Corregidor Island in
Manila Bay with A-20s and fighter-bombers bombing and strafing its few
remaining gun positions; fighter-bombers hit Caballo Island and fighter-
bombers, B-25s, and A-20s hit Bataan Peninsula all day; also hit are troops
and gun positions in the Ft William McKinley area and airfields at Tuguegarao
and Echague. The 68th Troop Carrier Squadron, 433d Troop Carrier Group, moves
from Biak Island, New Guinea to Tanauan, Leyte Island with C-46s.
 
FRIDAY, 16 FEBRUARY 1945

CHINA-BURMA-INDIA THEATER

  CHINA THEATER (Fourteenth Air Force): In China, 33 fighter-bombers attack
airfields in the Nanking area, railroad yards at Hsuchang and Tungpu, and hit
rail and river traffic from Wuhu to Hankow, in the Sinsiang area, and in
French Indochina, the Luang Prabang area, and from Muong Soui to the Mekong
River.

  INDIA-BURMA THEATER (Tenth Air Force): In Burma, 12 B-25s bomb troops,
storage areas, and vehicles during offensive reconnaissance along roads S of
Lashio and from Hsenwi to Loilem; 31 P-47s support ground forces in the
Myitson area; about 160 fighter-bombers attack town areas, troop
concentrations, artillery positions, transportation targets, and general
targets of opportunity at Namtu, Wengkau, Hsipaw, Namhsawng-hawng, Hunhla,
Mong Yai, Sinkin, Panghung, Hatka, Na-kyeh, and Panglong and similar targets
at Kyawngsu, Kunsanlek, Namloi, Man-kyawng, Tonsing, Sam-Lau, and Mong Li.
Transports fly 632 sorties delivering men and supplies to forward bases and
dropping supplies to frontline troops.

EUROPEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS (ETO)

  AIRBORNE OPERATIONS (IX Troop Carrier Command): The 77th Troop Carrier
Squadron, 435th Troop Carrier Group, moves from Welford Park, England to
Bretigny, France with C-47s.

  STRATEGIC OPERATIONS (Eighth Air Force): Mission 833: 1,042 bombers and 197
fighters attack benzol plants, oil refineries and marshalling yards in C
Germany; 8 bombers are lost:
  1. 223 B-17s are sent to hit the marshalling yard at Hamm (208); targets of
opportunity are Osnabruck (1), Meppen (1) and Rheine (1); bombing is by H2X,
Micro H and some visual; 2 B-17s are lost, 1 damaged beyond repair and 95
damaged; 7 airmen are WIA and 11 MIA. Escorting are 44 of 45 P-51s.
  2. 375 B-17s are dispatched to hit the Harpenerweg oil refinery at Dortmund
(78) and oil refineries at Nordstern (104) and Minsterstein (112); 30 hit the
marshalling yard at Munster, a secondary target; targets of opportunity are
Langendreer (23) and other (2); bombing is by Gee-H with some visual; 5 B-17s
are lost, 1 damaged beyond repair and 170 damaged; 8 airmen are WIA and 46
MIA. 38 of 39 P-51s escort.
  3. 362 B-24s are sent to hit marshalling yards at Osnabruck (174) and
Rheine (94) and the Salzbergen oil refinery (46); 31 hit Burgsteinfurt, a
target of opportunity; H2X and Gee-H are used; 1 B-24 is lost and 26 damaged;
10 airmen are MIA. 50 P-51s escort the B-24s.
  4. 63 of 76 B-17s hit the rail bridge at Wesel visually; 13 hit the
marshalling yard at Rheine, a target of opportunity, with H2X. Escorting are
45 of 51 P-51s.
  5. 6 B-24s fly a screening mission without loss.
  6. 4 P-51s fly a scouting mission.
  7. 4 P-51s escort photo reconnaissance aircraft over Germany.
  8. 4 P-51s escort a B-17 on a "special sortie."

  TACTICAL OPERATIONS (Ninth Air Force): In Germany, 300+ B-26s and A-20s
bomb the Mayen, rail bridge, Rees communications center, Solingen turbo-jet
component works, Unna ordnance depot, and a target of opportunity; fighters
escort the bombers, fly patrols, sweeps, and armed reconnaissance, attack
bridge, railroads, and other special targets; the XIX Tactical Air Command
also supports the US VIII, XII, and XX Corps W of the Prum River, E of the
Sauer River, and in the Saarlautern area. The 158th Liaison Squadron, Ninth
AF (attached to Twelfth Army Group), moves from Somme-Suippe, France to
Celles, Belgium with L-1s, L-4s and L-5s.

MEDITERRANEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS (MTO)

  STRATEGIC OPERATIONS (Fifteenth Air Force): 630+ B-24s and B-17s bomb
airfields at Regensburg, Landsberg, and Neubiberg, Germany; marshalling yards
at Rosenheim, Germany, Hall, and Innsbruck, Austria, and Bolzano, and
Vipiteno, Italy, plus scattered targets of opportunity in Austria and N
Italy; P-38s and P-51s escort the bombers, fly reconnaissance missions, and
escort reconnaissance and supply operations.

  TACTICAL OPERATIONS (Twelfth Air Force): In Italy, bad weather grounds
medium bombers; fighter-bombers cut rail lines at the S end of Garda Lake,
and bomb an ammunition and fuel dump E of Nervesa della Battaglia and an
ammunition dump E of Villafranca in Lunigiana.

PACIFIC OCEAN AREA (Army Air Forces, Pacific Ocean Area)
  VI Air Service Area Command: The 316th Troop Carrier Squadron, VI Air
Service Area Command, moves from Kahuku to Bellows Field, Hawaii with C-47s.
  Seventh Air Force: 2 Guam Island-based B-24s on an armed reconnaissance
flight bomb Marcus Island in the N Pacific. 42 sent against Iwo Jima Island
are recalled due to total cloud cover over the target. During the night of
16/17 Feb, 4 Guam-based B-24s, striking separately, hit Susaki Airfield on
Chichi Jima Island.

SOUTHWEST PACIFIC AREA [SWPA, Far East Air Force (FEAF)]: Fighters attack
vehicles and trains in the S part of Formosa. On Luzon Island, 120+ A-20s and
B-24s pound Corregidor Island during the early daylight hours; amphibious and
airborne landings follow and the paratroops soon link up with the beachhead;
A-20s and fighter-bombers also bomb nearby Caballo Island; B-25s support
ground forces in the Mariveles area, hit facilities at Baguio and Santa Fe,
and bomb Camalaniugan Airfield. P-38s hit Likanan and Matina Airfields on
Mindanao Island and B-24s pound Kendari Airfield on Celebes Island.

SATURDAY, 17 FEBRUARY 1945

AMERICAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS 

  ALASKA (Eleventh Air Force): 4 B-25s provide air coverage for a naval task
force en route to Paramushiru Island.

CHINA-BURMA-INDIA THEATER

  CHINA THEATER (Fourteenth Air Force): In China, 30 B-25s bomb Linfen and
Yuncheng; a single B-25 hits railroad targets of opportunity from Hengyang to
Lingling; 27 P-40s and P-51s attack animal transport, barracks, railroad
targets, and the town area at Puchi; 16 P-47s hit the Hankow-Wuchang area; 37
other fighter-bombers attack railroad yards and targets of opportunity and
road and river traffic near Tsinan, Changsha, and Kweiyi, and at Sinyang,
Linfen, and Lung Hai.

  INDIA-BURMA THEATER (Tenth Air Force): 14 P-47s support ground forces in
the Mongmit-Myitson area; 140+ fighter-bombers strike at troop
concentrations, supply points, transport, animal concentrations, tanks, and
arms and ammunition stores are pounded in N Burma including at Hko-lawng,
Hai-pu, Na-kyeh, Man Sang, Samlan, Hkummanmao, Mong Lang, Na-leng, Honwo, and
Loi-pyek; and 10 B-25s bomb troops and supplies at Hai-hseng. 603 transport
sorties are flown. The detachment of the 24th Combat Mapping Squadron, 8th
Photographic Reconnaissance Group, operating from Chanyi, China with F-7s
returns to base at Guskhara, India.

EUROPEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS (ETO)

  AIRBORNE OPERATIONS (IX Troop Carrier Command):

  STRATEGIC OPERATIONS (Eighth Air Force): Mission 834: 895 bombers and 183
fighters are dispatched to hit synthetic oil plants in Germany and the
Frankfurt marshalling yard; deteriorating weather forces the recall of 261
B-17s and 288 B-24s; the weather was so bad that some aircraft controls froze
and several had to jettison their bombs during assembly; 3 B-17s and 2 of the
recalled B-24 force are lost in addition to 1 P-51. 346 B-17s are sent to hit
the marshalling yard at Frankfurt (260); targets of opportunity are the
Giessen marshalling yard (45), Aschaffenburg (12), Hanau (10) and other (4);
3 B-17s and 2 B-24s are lost, 1 B-17 and 1 B-24 are damaged beyond repair and
106 B-17s damaged; 17 airmen are KIA, 2 WIA and 38 MIA. The escort is 151 of
167 P-51s; 1 is lost (pilot MIA) and 1 damaged beyond repair. 12 P-51s fly a
scouting mission and 4 escort photo reconnaissance aircraft over Germany.
The 862d Bombardment Squadron (Heavy), 493d Bombardment Group (Heavy)
(attached to 3d Air Division), moves from Debach to Wormingford, England and
begins flying weather reconnaissance missions with B-17s and P-51s.

  TACTICAL OPERATIONS (Ninth Air Force): In Germany, 31 B-26s strike the
Mayen rail bridge and a target of opportunity at Reinfeld; fighters of the IX
and XIX Tactical Air Commands fly patrols, sweeps, and armed reconnaissance;
the XXIX Tactical Air Command (Provisional) cancels operations due to bad
weather.

MEDITERRANEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS (MTO)

  STRATEGIC OPERATIONS (Fifteenth Air Force): About 500 B-17s and B-24s
attack the marshalling yard, station, and benzol plant at Linz, steel works
at Judenburg, tank works at Steyr and Sankt Valentin, marshalling yards at
Graz, Wels, Bruck an der Mur, and Villach, Austria; plus shipyards and
harbors at Fiume and Trieste, Italy, and Pula, Yugoslavia. P-38s and P-51s
escort the bombers, fly reconnaissance missions, and supply drops, strafe
rail lines in the Vienna-Linz, Austria area and aircraft at Ardning and
Grafenstein Austria, and fly weather and photo reconnaissance.

  TACTICAL OPERATIONS (Twelfth Air Force): In Italy, medium bombers bomb
bridges at Chiusaforte, Bressanone, Crema, and Dogna; fighters and fighter-
bombers hit communications targets in the Po Valley and damage bridges at
Nervesa della Battaglia, Cittadella, Calliano, Ala, and Pordenone; also
bombed are guns and dumps from the S of La Spezia E to the battle area below
Bologna.

PACIFIC OCEAN AREA (POA)

  AAFPOA (Seventh Air Force): 42 B-24s from Saipan Island blast defense
installations and a bivouac area on Iwo Jima Island; 3 others, on an armed
reconnaissance flight, bomb Marcus Island; 3 B-24s from Guam Island,
escorting a photo plane over Truk Atoll bomb Param, Uman, and Eten Islands in
the atoll. 5 B-24s from Saipan fly individual snooper strikes during the
night of 17/18 Feb, against Chichi Jima Island. The air echelon of the 548th
Night Fighter Squadron, VII Fighter Command, begins operating from Saipan
with P-61s (ground echelon is enroute from Hawaii to Iwo Jima).

  HQ AAF (Twentieth Air Force): Mission 35: 8 of 9 B-29s from Saipan bomb the
submarine pens on Dublon Island, Truk Atoll without loss.

SOUTHWEST PACIFIC AREA [SWPA, Far East Air Force (FEAF)]: B-24s, with fighter
support attack the airfield, railroad yard, and aluminum plant at Takao,
Formosa. On Luzon Island, A-20s support ground forces in the Mariveles area
and hit caves and dugouts in hills W of Ft Stotsenburg; A-20s, B-25s, and
fighter-bombers attack Tuguegarao and the coastal town of San Fernando. B-24s
pound Miri Airfield in Borneo. HQ 375th Troop Carrier Group moves from Biak
Island to San Jose, Mindoro Island.

SUNDAY, 18 FEBRUARY 1945

AMERICAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS 

  ALASKA (Eleventh Air Force): 7 B-24s fly cover sorties for a naval force
during its approach to Kurabu Cape, Paramushiru Island.

CHINA-BURMA-INDIA THEATER

  CHINA THEATER (Fourteenth Air Force): In China, 25 fighter-bombers attack
the Sinyang railroad yards and airfield and targets of opportunity along the
Pinghan railroad, at Chiuchiang, in the Nanking area, E of Lohochai, and SE
of Hsuchang; 4 B-24s over the S China Sea claim damage on 2 vessels; the
374th, 375th and 425th Bombardment Squadrons (Heavy), 308th Bombardment Group
(Heavy), move from Chengkung and Kunming to Kwanghan with B-24s.

  INDIA-BURMA THEATER (Tenth Air Force): In Burma, 12 B-25s demolish bridges
at Namsang and Ke-hsi Mansam; 30+ fighter-bombers support ground forces in
the Mongmit-Myitson-Nabu area; 100+ fighter-bombers pound troop
concentrations, supplies, vehicles, and other targets immediately in advance
of the southward moving battleline. Transports fly 602 sorties to the forward
areas.

EUROPEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS (ETO)

  TACTICAL OPERATIONS (Ninth Air Force): In Germany, 60+ B-26s bomb the
Dottesfeld rail bridge, a target of opportunity at Daun, and 5 other targets
of opportunity as the 9th Bombardment Division starts a campaign to isolate
the Ruhr; the XIX Tactical Air Command escorts the B-26s and flies weather
reconnaissance and armed reconnaissance; the IX and XXIX Tactical Air
Commands are grounded because of weather.

MEDITERRANEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS (MTO)

  STRATEGIC OPERATIONS (Fifteenth Air Force): During the night of 17/18 Feb,
24 B-24s drop supplies in N Italy; during the day 160 B-17s bomb a benzol
plant, main marshalling yard and station at Linz, Austria; 20 P-38s provide
escort; almost 290 B-24s, with fighter escorts, are recalled because of
weather from missions dispatched against targets in Austria; weather also
causes the recall of 52 P-51s on a strafing mission. A few P-38s complete
reconnaissance missions but most are recalled as weather worsens. In Italy,
the detachments of the 71st and 94th Fighter Squadrons, 1st Fighter Group,
operating from Vincenzo Airfield with P-38s, return to base at Salsola
Airfield.

  TACTICAL OPERATIONS (Twelfth Air Force): In Italy during the night of 17/18
Feb, A-20s bomb targets in the Po Valley, including the towns of Nogara,
Castelfranco Veneto, Modena, Cremona, Bovolone, and Isola della Scala,
bridges at Cittadella and Villafranca in Lunigiana, and airfields at Ghedi
and Villafranca in Lunigiana; all B-25 missions abort due to weather except
an attack on the Ala rail bridge; fighters and fighter-bombers fly less than
100 sorties, hitting ammunition dumps and railroad bridges and lines, mainly
in the Po Valley.

PACIFIC OCEAN AREA (POA)

  AAFPOA (Seventh Air Force): 36 Guam Island-based B-24s dispatched against
Iwo Jima Island are recalled because of complete cloud cover over the target.
3 others on armed reconnaissance bomb Marcus Island. During the night of
18/19 Feb, 9 B-24s from Guam individually strike Chichi Jima Island.

  HQ AAF (Twentieth Air Force): Mission 36: 36 Mariana Islands-based B-29s
bomb 2 airfields on Moen Island in Truk Atoll without loss. HQ 39th and 330th
Bombardment Groups (Very Heavy) and the 457th, 458th and 459th Bombardment
Squadrons (Very Heavy) arrive at North Field, Guam Island from the US with
B-29s (first mission is 12 Apr).

SOUTHWEST PACIFIC AREA [SWPA, Far East Air Force (FEAF)]: On Formosa, B-24s
bomb Takao, Okayama, and Toshien Airfields and P-38s provide support while
B-25s and fighters pound communications targets and targets of opportunity
throughout Formosa. B-25s and fighters continue to fly numerous missions in
support of the ground forces on Luzon Island. B-24s bomb Labuan Airfield in
Borneo.

MONDAY, 19 FEBRUARY 1945

AMERICAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS 

  ALASKA (Eleventh Air Force): In the Kurile Islands, 6 B-24s fly photo
reconnaissance over Shimushu Island and bomb Kurabu Cape Airfield on
Paramushiru Island; 6 Japanese fighters intercept; the B-24s claim 4 damaged.
4 B-25s weather-abort a mission to hit targets along the Hayakegawa River.

CHINA-BURMA-INDIA THEATER

  CHINA THEATER (Fourteenth Air Force): In China, 14 P-51s and P-40s blast
rail and river traffic at Chiuchiang, Hsuchang, Lung Hai, and Tsinpu.

  HQ AAF (Twentieth Air Force): Mission 37: In the Mayalan States, 49 of 59
B-29s bomb the Central Railroad Repair Shops at Kuala Lumpur, some bombing
from only 1,000 feet (305 m); 4 other B-29s hit alternate targets, the Alor
Star Airfield, and the marshalling yard at Martaban, Burma; they claim 1-0-7
Japanese aircraft; no B-29s are lost.

  INDIA-BURMA THEATER (Tenth Air Force): In Burma, 24 B-25s and 31 P-47s fly
close support strikes in the Mongmit-Myitson area; 70+ fighter-bombers hit
troop concentrations, supplies, and villages behind the battleline in C
Burma. Heavy transport operations continue. The 165th Liaison Squadron
(Commando), 1st Air Commando Group, moves from Shwebo, Burma to Asansol,
India with UC-64s and L-5s.

EUROPEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS (ETO)

  AIRBORNE OPERATIONS (IX Troop Carrier Command): The 76th and 78th Troop
Carrier Squadrons, 435th Troop Carrier Group, move from Welford Park, England
to Bretigny, France with C-47s.

  STRATEGIC OPERATIONS (Eighth Air Force): Mission 835: 1,135 bombers and 560
fighters are dispatched to hit oil, industrial and rail targets in Germany;
they claim 3-0-0 Luftwaffe aircraft; 1 B-24 and 7 P-51s are lost:
  1. 196 B-17s are sent to hit the marshalling yard at Osnabruck (155); 24
hit the secondary target, the marshalling yard at Munster; 10 hit Haselunne,
a target of opportunity; Micro-H and H2X are used; 1 B-17 is damaged beyond
repair and 21 damaged; 1 airman is WIA. Escorting are 38 of 42 P-51s.
  2. 291 B-24s are dispatched to hit military vehicle plants at Meschede (97)
and Jungenthal (86) and the marshalling yard at Siegen (94) using Gee-H; 1
B-24 is lost and 8 damaged; 9 airmen are MIA. 122 P-47s and P-51s escort.
  3. 422 B-17s are sent to hit benzol plants at Bochum (99) and Gelsenkirchen
(36), oil refineries at Dortmund (74) and Alm (37) using Micro H and H2X; 162
hit the secondary target, the Munster marshalling yard (162) visually; 1 B-17
is damaged beyond repair and 59 damaged; 1 airman is KIA. 91 of 96 P-51s
escort; 1 is lost (pilot MIA).
  4. 131 of 144 B-17s hit the marshalling yard at Rheine with Micro H without
loss. 48 P-51s escort.
  5. 68 of 82 B-17s hit the rail bridge at Wesel using Micro H; 25 B-17s are
damaged. 32 of 37 P-51s escort.
  6. 163 of 179 P-51s fly a fighter sweep against rail and road targets in
the Hannover-Magdeburg-Brunswick area claiming 2-0-0 aircraft in the air and
1-0-0 on the ground; 5 P-51s are lost (pilots MIA).
  7. 27 of 28 P-51s fly a scouting misson; 1 is lost (pilot MIA).

  TACTICAL OPERATIONS (Ninth Air Force): In Germany, B-26s, A-26s, and A-20s,
strike the Mechernich prime mover depot, rail bridges at Pracht,
Niederscheld, and Neuwied-Irlich, the Wiesbaden ordnance depot, and 4 targets
of opportunity; fighters escort the bombers, attack railroads and bridges,
fly armed reconnaissance and alerts, and cooperate with the VIII, XII, and XX
Corps E of the Our River, between the Westwall and the Prum River, and in the
Saar-Mosel triangle. The 167th Liaison Squadron, Ninth Air Force (attached to
the Sixth Army Group), is activated at Vittel, France with L-4s and L-5s.

MEDITERRANEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS (MTO)

  STRATEGIC OPERATIONS (Fifteenth Air Force): During the night of 18/19 Feb,
11 B-24s drop supplies in N Italy. In Austria during the day almost 500 B-24s
and B-17s, escorted by about 220 P-51s and P-38s, bomb 2 marshalling yards
and the S station area in Vienna, marshalling yards at Klagenfurt, Graz, and
Bruck an der Mur; marshalling yards at Maribor, Yugoslavia; shipyards in
Fiume, Italy; and the Pula, Yugoslavia harbor and military installations. In
Austria, 51 P-51s strafe rail and river traffic and airfields between Linz
and Vienna and in the Graz area; other P-51s and P-38s fly escort and
reconnaissance missions.

  TACTICAL OPERATIONS (Twelfth Air Force): Brigadier General Edward M Morris
takes command of the XII Air Force Services Command (until 1 Jan 44
designated the III Air Service Area Command). In Italy, bad weather grounds
the medium bombers; fighter-bombers, some bombing by radar-control because of
heavy clouds, attack-communications and dumps in the W Po Valley and NE
Italy, and claim several rail line cuts in the Brenner area.

PACIFIC OCEAN AREA (POA)

  AAFPOA (Seventh Air Force): 44 B-24s from Saipan Island are sent against
Iwo Jima Island; 14 pound defense positions and bivouac and storage areas
little more than an hour before elements of the US 4th and 5th Marine
Divisions make an amphibious landing on the SE coast at 0900 hours; the other
30 B-24s abort because of cloud cover, mechanical trouble, or arrival over
target too late to make a bomb run. 26 B-24s from Angaur Island bomb Likanan
Airfield on Mindanao Island. During the night of 19/20 Feb, 8 Saipan-based
B-24s fly individual heckler strikes over Chichi Jima Island. 

  HQ AAF (Twentieth Air Force): Mission 37: 150 B-29s are dispatched to hit
the Musashino aircraft plant in Tokyo hoping to draw air reinforcements away
from the Iwo Jima invasion; thick clouds completely cover the primary target
so 119 bomb the port and urban area of Tokyo; 12 others hit targets of last
resort and targets of opportunity; they claim 39-16-37 Japanese aircraft; 6
B-29s are lost.

SOUTHWEST PACIFIC AREA [SWPA, Far East Air Force (FEAF)]: Major General Paul
B Wurtsmith becomes Commanding General Thirteenth AF. In Formosa, B-24s bomb
Koshun, Heito, and Takao Airfields and B-25s and fighters on sweeps attack a
large number of targets of opportunity including trains, parked aircraft,
buildings, and coastal vessels. In the C Philippine Islands, US Marine Corps
(USMC) F4Us under the tactical command of the Thirteenth AF fly napalm
strikes against airfields and other targets. On Luzon Island, fighters,
B-25s, and A-20s continue to support ground forces at San Augustin,
Carranglen, Balete Pass, and Bataan Peninsula and bomb Japanese-held sectors
on Corregidor Island. B-24s bomb Miri Airfield on Borneo.

TUESDAY, 20 FEBRUARY 1945

CHINA-BURMA-INDIA THEATER

  CHINA THEATER (Fourteenth Air Force): In China, 34 P-51s pound locomotives,
railroad cars, and other targets of opportunity at Tsingtao and Puchi; about
30 other fighter-bombers on armed reconnaissance hit targets of opportunity
(mainly rail and river traffic) at scattered locations including Changsha,
Lohochai, Tsingtao, Chukiatsi, N of Lingling, and between Siangsiang and
Siangtan.

  INDIA-BURMA THEATER (Tenth Air Force): In Burma, 44 P-47s fly close support
strikes in the Mongmit battle sector; 8 support ground forces in the Namhsan
area; 13 P-38s severely damage a bridge at Mong Long; nearly 100 P-47s and
P-38s pound troop concentrations, supply and ammunition dumps, and general
targets of opportunity behind enemy lines. Large-scale transport operations
continue. The 164th Liaison Squadron (Commando), 1st Air Commando Group,
moves from Assansol, India to Shwebo with UC-64s and L-5s.

EUROPEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS (ETO)

  AIRBORNE OPERATIONS (IX Troop Carrier Command): HQ 53d Troop Carrier Wing
moves from Greenham Common, England to Voisenon, France.

  STRATEGIC OPERATIONS (Eighth Air Force): 3 missions are flown.
  Mission 836: 1,264 bombers and 726 fighters are dispatched to hit the main
station and marshalling yard at Nurnberg, Germany; the target is bombed
visually and using H2X radar; they claim 49-1-21 Luftwaffe aircraft; 5 B-17s
and 7 fighters are lost:
  1. 360 B-24s dispatched abandon the mission over Belgium due to weather
conditions; one B-24 hits Steig, a target of opportunity; 1 B-24 is damaged
beyond repair; 3 airmen are KIA and 2 WIA. Escorting are 123 of 141 P-51s;
they claim 2-0-0 aircraft; 1 P-51 is lost (pilot MIA).
  2. 831 of 904 B-17s hit the primary target; targets of opportunity are
Schiltach (16) and other (12); 5 B-17s are lost, 2 damaged beyond repair and
241 damaged; 9 airmen are KIA, 10 WIA and 47 MIA. The escort is 315 of 337
P-51s; they claim 8-0-2 aircraft on the ground; 5 P-51s are lost (pilots
MIA).
  3. 194 P-47s and P-51s strafe rail and road targets in the Nurnberg and
Straubing areas; they claim 12-0-1 aircraft in the air and 35-1-20 on the
ground; 7 fighters are lost (pilots MIA).
  4. 28 of 29 P-51s fly a scouting mission without loss.
  5. 10 P-51s escort photo reconnaissance aircraft over Germany.
  Mission 837: 10 of 11 B-24s drop leaflets in the Netherlands and Germany
during the night without loss.
  Mission 838: During the night of 20/21 Feb, 30 B-24s attack the Neustadt
marshalling yard without loss and 6 of 7 B-24s fly CARPETBAGGER missions.

  TACTICAL OPERATIONS (Ninth Air Force): The IX Engineer Command is relieved
of its assignment to the Ninth AF and assigned to US Strategic Air Forces in
Europe (USSTAF). (After V-E the command will revert to control of the Ninth.)
Weather grounds the 9th Bombardment Division; in Germany, fighters fly armed
reconnaissance E and W of the Rhine River, attack a bridge and defended area,
and support the US VIII, XII, and XX Corps in the Lichtenborn area, W of the
Prum River, and in the Saar-Mosel triangle.

MEDITERRANEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS (MTO)

  STRATEGIC OPERATIONS (Fifteenth Air Force): 520+ B-17s, with fighter
escort, and B-24s bomb the Lobau, Vienna and Schwechat, Austria oil
refineries and Floridsdorf marshalling yard at Vienna, steel works at
Kapfenberg, Austria, harbor at Pula, Yugoslavia, and shipyards at Trieste and
Fiume, Italy.

  TACTICAL OPERATIONS (Twelfth Air Force): The 27th and 86th Fighter Groups
and an air service group are transferred from the Twelfth AF to the First
Tactical Air Force (Provisional) in France; HQ 86th Fighter Group moves from
Pisa, Italy to Tantonville, France. In Italy, A-20s on night intruder
missions during the night of 19/20 Feb, bomb targets of opportunity at over
30 points in the C Po Valley, several rail diversions, and marshalling yards
at Villafranca in Lunigiana, Roncanova, Bovolone, Cerea, Legnago, Cittadella,
Casa di David, Isola della Scala, Castelfranco Veneto, and Nogara; fighter-
bombers devote their main effort to support the US Fifth Army offensive in
the Monte Torraccia area; medium bombers bomb bridges at Montebello,
Chiusaforte, Salzano, and Calcinato; the detachment of the 416th Night
Fighter Squadron, 62d Fighter Wing, operating from Etain, France with
Mosquitos, returns to base at Pisa.

PACIFIC OCEAN AREA (POA)

  AAFPOA (Seventh Air Force): 2 Guam Island-based B-24s on an armed
reconnaissance flight bomb Marcus Island in the N Pacific. During the night
of 20/21 Feb, 7 B-24s flying individual raids, bomb the town of Okimura and
airfield on Haha Jima Island. The air echelon of the 549th Night Fighter
Squadron begins operating from Saipan Island with P-61s (ground echelon is
enroute from Hawaii to Iwo Jima).

SOUTHWEST PACIFIC AREA [SWPA, Far East Air Force (FEAF)]: B-24s bomb runways
and warehouse at Jesselton Airfield in Borneo. Buildings at Puerto Princesa
on Palawan Island and underground installation on Corregidor Island in Manila
Bay are pounded. B-25s and fighters over Formosa thoroughly blast the town of
Choshu, and also hit railroad yards, vehicles, railway rolling stock, and
buildings. HQ 380th Bombardment Group (Heavy) moves from Darwin, Australia to
San Jose, Mindoro Island. The 23d Bombardment Squadron (Heavy), 5th
Bombardment Group (Heavy), moves from Morotai Island to Samar Island,
Philippine Islands.

WEDNESDAY, 21 FEBRUARY 1945

CHINA-BURMA-INDIA THEATER

  CHINA THEATER (Fourteenth Air Force): In China, 21 B-25s, supported by 12
P-51s, pound Taiyuan; 2 B-25s and 12 P-40s hit Yoyang; about 100 fighter-
bombers on armed reconnaissance attack troops, trucks, horses, railroad
targets, river shipping, and other targets of opportunity at many locations
throughout S and E China; the detachment of the 530th Fighter Squadron, 311th
Fighter Group, operating from Hsian with P-51s, returns to base at Kwanghan.

  INDIA-BURMA THEATER (Tenth Air Force): In Burma, 16 P-47s provide close
support for ground forces in the Namhsan area; 15 support ground forces in
the Mongmit sector; 100+ fighter-bombers strike supply and troop
concentrations and make offensive sweeps of roads along the battleline areas. 
Transports continue to land men and supplies at forward bases and drop
supplies to frontline troops. The 127th Liaison Squadron (Commando), 2d Air
Commando Group, based at Kalaikunda, India, sends a detachment to operate
from Akyab, Burma with UC-64s and L-5s.

EUROPEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS (ETO)

  AIRBORNE OPERATIONS (IX Troop Carrier Command): Units moving from England
to France with C-47s: 75th Troop Carrier Squadron, 435th Troop Carrier Group,
from Welford Park to Bretigny and 79th Troop Carrier Squadron, 436th Troop
Carrier Group, from Membury to Melun.

  STRATEGIC OPERATIONS (Eighth Air Force): 2 missions are flown.
  Mission 839: 1,262 bombers and 792 fighters are dispatched to again attack
the tank plant, main railroad station, marshalling yards and locomotive shops
at Nurnberg, Germany using H2X radar; they claim 4-0-1 Luftwaffe aircraft on
the ground; 7 fighters are lost: 
  1. 830 of 867 B-17s hit the marshalling yard; 11 others hit targets of
opportunity; 1 B-17 is damaged beyond repair and 298 damaged; 1 airman is KIA
and 6 WIA. Escorting are 373 of 391 P-51s; they claim 2-0-0 aircraft; 2 P-51s
are lost (pilots MIA).
  2. 375 of 395 B-24s hit the station and marshalling yard; targets of
opportunity are Speyer (1) and other (2); 63 B-24s are damaged; 1 airman is
KIA and 3 WIA. The escort is 175 P-47s and P-51s; they claim 2-0-0 aircraft;
3 P-51s are lost (pilots MIA).
  3. 45 of 46 P-51s make a sweep of the Meiningen-Coburg-Nurnberg area; 1
P-51 is lost (pilot MIA).
  4. 98 of 101 P-51s escort Ninth AF B-26s; they claim 0-0-1 aircraft.
  5. 23 of 31 P-51s fly a scouting mission; 1 P-51 is lost (pilot MIA).
  6. 29 of 30 P-51s escort 10 F-5s and 7 Spitfires on a photo reconnaissance
mission over Germany.
  Mission 840: During the night of 21/22 Feb, 25 of 29 B-24s attack the
Duisburg power and gas stations using PFF; 2 B-24s are lost.

  TACTICAL OPERATIONS
    First Tactical Air Force (Provisional): Units moving from Italy to France
with P-47s: 522d, 523d and 524th Fighter Squadrons, 27th Fighter Group, from
Pontedera to St Dizier; 526th Fighter Squadron, 86th Fighter Group, from Pisa
to Tantonville.
    Ninth Air Force: In Germany, the 9th Bombardment Division hits rail a
overpass and bridges, an oil storage depot, marshalling yards, communications
centers, and 13 targets of opportunity; 1,100+ fighter sorties are completed
as the IX, XIX, and XXIX Tactical Air Commands escort the bomber, attack
railroads, airfield, and other selected targets, fly armed reconnaissance
over wide areas including the US First Army area between Duren and Losheim,
and support the VIII, XII, and XX Corps along the Prum River, the West wall,
and in the Saar-Mosel triangle.

MEDITERRANEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS (MTO)

  STRATEGIC OPERATIONS (Fifteenth Air Force): During the night of 20/21 Feb,
1 B-17 and 13 B-24s drop supplies in N Italy. During the day 500+ B-17s and
B-24s with fighter escorts bomb Vienna, Austria railroad targets (C yards, S
station, and Matzleinsdorf marshalling yard), marshalling yards at Bruck an
der Mur, Wiener-Neustadt, and Zeltweg, Austria, and Sopron, Hungary, and
shipyards at Trieste and Fiume, Italy. HQ 1st Fighter Group moves from
Vincenzo Airfield to Salsola Airfield, Italy and the detachment of the 27th
Fighter Squadron ceases operating from Vincenzo and returns to base at
Salsola with P-38s.

  TACTICAL OPERATIONS (Twelfth Air Force): In Italy, night fighters and A-20s
on intruder missions during the night of 20/21 Feb, continue to attack
communications and supplies in the Po Valley; medium bombers, during the day,
bomb bridges at Dogna, Crema, and Romano di Lombardia; fighter-bombers devote
their main effort to close support of ground forces along the W and C US
Fifth Army front, and also hit communications to the N of the battleline and
in the Po Valley.

PACIFIC OCEAN AREA (POA)

  AAFPOA (Seventh Air Force): 24 P-47s from Saipan Island hit Pagan Island
with napalm. P-38s from Guam Island escort photo aircraft over Truk Atoll and
strafe aircraft on Moen Island and a wharf on Falas Island. 3 Guam Island-
based B-24s on an armed reconnaissance flight bomb the airfield on Marcus
Island in the N Pacific. During the night of 21/22 Feb, 6 B-24s fly
individual snooper raids from Guam against Chichi Jima Island.

SOUTHWEST PACIFIC AREA [SWPA, Far East Air Force (FEAF)]: On Luzon Island,
B-24s bomb Japanese positions in the hills W of Ft Stotsenburg, P-47s pound
Corregidor Island and strafe the Bagae-Pilar road and P-40s support ground
forces at Marikina, San Mateo, and on Corregidor Island; and Basco is hit by
B-25s, A-20s, and P-38s. In Borneo, B-24s bomb Kudat and Sandakan Airfields
while A-20s attack Jesselton Airfield and town. The 528th Bombardment
Squadron (Heavy), 380th Bombardment Group (Heavy), moves from Darwin,
Australia to San Jose, Mindoro Island with B-24s.

THURSDAY, 22 FEBRUARY 1945

CHINA-BURMA-INDIA THEATER

  CHINA THEATER (Fourteenth Air Force): In China, 19 fighter-bombers hit
villages, tanks, and trucks from Hsiangcheng to Hsuchang, attack railroad
traffic around Sinsiang and Linfen, hit river craft, trucks, and troops in
the Chiuchiang area, and claim 1 freighter sunk on the Yangtze River between
Hankow and Nanking; a single B-25 attacks convoys in the Siang-Chiang Valley
near Hengyang.

  INDIA-BURMA THEATER (Tenth Air Force): In Burma, 29 P-47s support ground
forces in the Namhsan area; 11 closely support forces in the Mongmit sector;
about 100 fighter-bombers attack troop concentrations, gun positions, supply
points, trucks, and animal transport in the battle areas and behind enemy
lines. Transports complete 600+ sorties to forward areas throughout the day.

EUROPEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS (ETO)

  STRATEGIC OPERATIONS (Eighth Air Force): Mission 841: 1,428 bombers and 862
fighters commence Operation CLARION, a joint RAF, Eighth, Ninth and Fifteenth
AF operation with the objective of paralyzing the already decimated German
rail and road system; most attacks were made visually; bombing was conducted
from an optimum 10,000 feet (3,048 m) to achieve accuracy at target without
flak defenses; they claim 28-2-43 Luftwaffe aircraft; 7 bombers and 13
fighters are lost:
  1. 522 B-17s are sent to hit marshalling yards at Bamberg (64), Zwickau (2)
and Kitzingen (1); targets of opportunity are Ansbach (143), Donaueschingen
(24), Reutlingen (25), Ulm (77), Freiburg (21), Hafingen (10), the
marshalling yards at Aalen (24), Neustadt (26), Singen (8), Schwenningen
(22), and Villgen (11) and other (42); some attacks are made with H2X radar;
they claim 0-0-1 aircraft; 2 B-17s are lost and 29 damaged; 2 airmen are WIA
and 19 MIA. Escorting are 163 of 168 P-51s; 3 are lost (pilots MIA).
  2. 452 B-24s are dispatched to hit marshalling yards at Halberstadt (51),
Sangerhausen (11), Nordhausen (30), Vienenburg (23), Peine (52), Hildesheim
(55), Kreiensen (48), and Northeim (48); targets of opportunity are
Nordhausen (11), Ottbergen (10), the rail and highway bridge at Lindern (1)
and marshalling yards at Wallhausen (19), Oker (8), Eschwege (30), Gottingen
(29) and Celle (8) and other (1); 4 B-24s are lost and 68 damaged; 2 airmen
are WIA and 38 MIA. 246 P-47s and P-51s escort; they claim 19-0-16 aircraft
on the ground; 4 P-51s are lost (pilots MIA).
  3. 454 B-17s are sent to hit Wittenburg (72), Stendal (73), Salzwedel (59),
Uelzen (73), Wittstock (11), Luneburg (39), and Ludwigslust (48); targets of
opportunity are Grabow (13), Kobbelitz (24), Dannenberg (12) and Klotze (13).
The escort is 268 of 280 P-51s; they claim 4-2-18 aircraft in the air and
3-0-5 on the ground; 5 P-51s are lost (pilots MIA).
  4. 99 of 103 P-51s fly a freelance mission in support of the bombers; they
claim 2-0-0 aircraft in the air; 1 P-51 is lost (pilot MIA).
  5. 28 of 32 P-51s fly a scouting mission; they claim 2-0-3 aircraft on the
ground.
  6. 13 P-51s escort 10 F-5s and 5 Spitfires on photo reconnaissance missions
over Germany.

  TACTICAL OPERATIONS 
    First Tactical Air Force (Provisional): HQ 27th Fighter Group moves from
Tarquinia, Italy to St Dizier, France.
    Ninth Air Force: In Operation CLARION, 450+ A-20s, A-26s, and B-26s of
the 9th Bombardment Division bomb SW German targets including 46 rail
bridges, 12 marshalling yards, 11 stations, plus junctions, roundhouses, a
viaduct, a crossing, a workshop; this marks the first low-level operations by
B-26s since May 43; 1,000+ fighters of the IX, XIX, and XXIX Tactical Air
Commands escort the bombers, attack several assigned ground targets, fly
armed reconnaissance, and cooperate with the US VIII, XII, and XX Corps along
the Prum River and in the Saar-Mosel Triangle.

MEDITERRANEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS (MTO)

  STRATEGIC OPERATIONS (Fifteenth Air Force): The Fifteenth's participation
in Operation CLARION includes 350+ B-17s and B-24s bombing 50+ separate
communications targets in Germany, Austria, and Italy, including some 25
marshalling yards and numerous railroad lines and bridges; fighters fly 300+
escort and strafing sorties.

  TACTICAL OPERATIONS (Twelfth Air Force): In Italy during the night of 21/22
Feb, A-20s attack an ammunition dump, railroad bridges and lines, and road
lights in the Po Valley; B-25s bomb railroad bridges and marshalling yards at
Lavis, Bressanone, and Ala, cutting the bridge at Lavis and the through
tracks at the Ala marshalling yard; fighters and fighter-bombers continue to
support US Fifth Army forces S and SW of Bologna and hit communications
targets, dumps, vehicles, and guns in and N of the battle area in the
Apennines Mountains and in the Po Valley, and bomb airfields at Ghedi and
Bergamo.

PACIFIC OCEAN AREA (POA)

  AAFPOA (Seventh Air Force): 3 B-24s on armed reconnaissance from Guam
Island bomb the airfield on Marcus Island in the N Pacific. During the night
of 22/23 Feb, 6 B-24s fly individual harassment strikes against Susaki
Airfield and the town of Okimura on Haha Jima Island.

SOUTHWEST PACIFIC AREA [SWPA, Far East Air Force (FEAF)]: On Luzon Island,
100 B-24s hit troop concentrations NW of Ft Stotsenburg, P-47s pound
Corregidor Island, A-20s hit concentrations at Pugo, SW of Baguio, B-24s bomb
supply areas N and W of Baguio while P-51s hit Angin and Marikina. B-24s bomb
Tarakan and Labuan Airfields in Borneo. Units moving from New Guinea: HQ 42d
Bombardment Group (Medium) Sansapor to Morotai Island [the group's 75th and
100th Bombardment Squadrons (Medium) remain at Sansapor but begins operating
from Morotai with B-25s]; HQ 347th Fighter Group and the 67th and 339th
Fighter Squadrons from Middelburg Island to San Jose, Mindoro Island with
P-38s (the 67th and 339th are operating from Morotai).

COMBAT CHRONOLOGY OF THE US ARMY AIR FORCES
FRIDAY, 23 FEBRUARY 1945
FTP SITES
  1. ftp.rutgers.edu in directory pub/wwii/usaf
  2. byrd.mu.wvnet.edu (129.71.32.152) in pub/history/military/airforce/
     wwii_chronology

AIRCRAFT MENTIONED IN THIS REPORT:
  A-20, Douglas Havoc
  B-17, Boeing Flying Fortress
  B-24, Consolidated Liberator
  B-25, North American Mitchell
  F-7, Consolidated Liberator
  P-38, Lockheed Lightning
  P-40, Curtiss
  P-47, Republic Thunderbolt
  P-51, North American Mustang

NOTE: A number in parenthesis after a target name indicates the number of
bombers attacking.

AMERICAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS 

  ZONE OF INTERIOR (Fourth Air Force): In California, a P-38 from Santa Rosa
AAFld shoots down a Japanese balloon over Calistoga.

CHINA-BURMA-INDIA THEATER
  CHINA THEATER (Fourteenth Air Force): In China, 29 B-24s and 22 fighters
scheduled to attack Shihkiachwang abort because of bad weather; 8 P-51s hit
railroad targets of opportunity near Siaokan and attack river traffic from
Nanking to Hankow; 5 B-24s sweep Gulf of Tonkin and S China Sea, damaging 1
vessel; 4 P-40s attack targets of opportunity in the Kaifeng area.

  INDIA-BURMA THEATER (Tenth Air Force): In Burma, 20+ P-47s support ground
forces in the Mongmit sector and near Lashio, hitting a Japanese
concentration; 12 B-25s and 120+ fighter-bombers continue pounding troop
concentrations, supply areas, road traffic, and ammunition dumps in the
frontline areas and behind enemy lines. A large transport effort completes
655 sorties.

EUROPEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS (ETO)

  STRATEGIC OPERATIONS (Eighth Air Force): 2 missions are flown.
  Mission 843: As a follow-up to the yesterday's attacks on transportation
facilities as part of Operation CLARION, 1,274 bombers and 705 fighters are
dispatched to hit marshalling yards in Germany; they claim 15-0-16 Luftwaffe
aircraft; 1 B-24 and 6 P-51s are lost:
  1. 446 B-17s are dispatched to hit marshalling yards at Treuchtlingen (61),
Crailsheim (52), Neumarkt (74), Ansbach (109) and Kitzingen (95); targets of
opportunity are Nordlingen (2), Schwabisch Hall (24), Winterhausen (7) and
other (2); 1 B-17 is damaged beyond repair and 34 damaged; 1 airman is WIA.
Escorting are 194 of 203 P-51s; they claim 5-0-2 aircraft on the ground;
2 P-51s are lost (pilots MIA).
  2. 460 B-17s are sent to hit the marshalling yard at Plauen (110); targets
of opportunity are Meiningen (49), Adelsberg (12), Hildburghausen (12),
Kitzingen (88), Lichtenfels (13), Schweinfurt (12), Ellingen (25), Ottingen
(48), Wurzburg (37), Crailsheim (38), and Zwolle (1); 1 B-17 is damaged
beyond repair and 16 damaged; 3 airmen are WIA. 193 of 208 P-51s escort and
claim 1-0-0 aircraft in the air; 3 P-51s are lost; 1 pilot is KIA and 3 MIA.
  3. 368 B-24s are dispatched to hit marshalling yards at Weimar (57), Fulda
(10) and Gera (46); targets of opportunity are Paderborn (104), Osnabruck
(50), Jena (25), Schluchtern (20), Fritzlar (9), Reichenbach (9), Steinau
(9), and other (1); 1 B-24 is lost, 4 damaged beyond repair and 6 damaged; 21
airmen are KIA and 4 WIA. The escort is 105 of 110 P-51s.
  4. 141 P-47s and P-51s make a sweep of Neuburg, Landsberg and Leipheim
Airfields claiming 9-0-14 aircraft on the ground; 1 P-51 is lost (pilot MIA).
  5. 4 P-51s escort 10 F-5s on a photo reconnaissance mission over Germany.
  6. 30 P-51s fly a scouting mission.
  Mission 844: 24 of 27 B-24s make a PFF attack on the Neuss marshalling yard
during the night without loss.

  TACTICAL OPERATIONS 
    First Tactical Air Force (Provisional): The 527th Fighter Squadron, 86th
Fighter Group moves from Pisa, Italy to Tantonville, France with P-47s.
    Ninth Air Force: The 9th Bombardment Division hits communications centers
E of the Roer River as the US Ninth Army crosses the river and begins an
assault (Operation GRENADE) toward the Rhine River; fighters fly armed
reconnaissance, patrols, and alerts and support the US 104th and 8th Infantry
Divisions near Duren, Germany, the XIII and XIX Corps' attack across the Roer
at Linnich and Rurdorf, Germany, and the VIII, XII, and XX Corps at the Prum
River, E of the Our River, and E of the Saar River.

MEDITERRANEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS (MTO)

  STRATEGIC OPERATIONS (Fifteenth Air Force): About 380 B-17s and B-24s hit
the marshalling yards at Villach, Worgl, Knittelfeld, and Klagenfurt, Austria
and Udine, Italy, plus Kitzbuhel, Austria railroad junction; 140+ P-38s and
P-51s provide escort; some of the fighters strafe areas NW of Linz, Austria
and N of Munich, Germany; 35 other P-38s dive-bomb the Worgl marshalling yard
and afterwards 30 of them strafe the rail line from Rosenheim, Germany-
Innsbruck, Austria-Landeck, Austria; other P-38s and P-51s fly reconnaissance
and escort missions.

  TACTICAL OPERATIONS (Twelfth Air Force): In Italy, A-20s on intruder
missions during the night of 22/23 Feb, hit marshalling yards and airfields
throughout N Italy; medium bombers concentrate on the N end of the Brenner
Pass, damaging bridges at Campo San Pietro and a railroad fill at San Felice
del Benaco and hitting bridges at Dogna; fighter-bombers pound airfields, and
enemy movement in the C and N Po Valley, and damage 5 bridges and cut rail
lines at numerous points.

PACIFIC OCEAN AREA (POA)

  AAFPOA (Seventh Air Force): 26 B-24s from Angaur Island bomb San Roque
Airfield on Mindanao Island. 2 P-47s fromm Saipan Island on armed
reconnaissance strafe Pagan Island. On the night of 23/24 Feb, 7 B-24s from
Guam Island fly snooper raids against the airfield on Cbichi Jima and the
town of Okimura on Haha Jima. US Marines raise the US flag on the summit of
Mount Suribachi on Iwo Jima Island.

SOUTHWEST PACIFIC AREA [SWPA, Far East Air Force (FEAF)]: Strikes supporting
ground forces continue throughout the battle zones on Luzon Island. In
Borneo, P-47s hit Jesselton Airfield while B-24s bomb Sandakan, Lahat Datu,
and Miri Airfields. In French Indochina, B-25s on shipping sweeps bomb
vessels in Phan Rang harbor and hit a small convoy SW of Camranh Bay. The
20th Combat Mapping Squadron, 6th Photographic Reconnaissance Group, based at
Dulag, Leyte Island, ceases operating from Tacloban, Leyte with F-7s. The
68th Fighter Squadron, 347th Fighter Group, moves from Middelburg Island to
San Jose Mindoro Island with P-38s. The 69th Bombardment Squadron (Medium),
42d Bombardment Group (Medium), based at Sansapor, New Guinea, begins
operating from Morotai Island with B-25s.

SATURDAY, 24 FEBRUARY 1945

AMERICAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS 

  ALASKA (Eleventh Air Force): 4 B-25s on a shipping sweep attack the
Hayakegawa River in the Kurile Islands; returning, the B-25s sight and
photograph a Japanese bomb-carrying balloon.

CHINA-BURMA-INDIA THEATER

  CHINA THEATER (Fourteenth Air Force): 5 B-24s on individual sweeps over the
S China Sea and Gulf of Tonkin claim 4 vessels sunk.

  HQ AAF (Twentieth Air Force): Mission 38: In an all-incendiary attack, 105
of 116 B-29s hit the Empire Dock area at Singapore, Malayan States, burning
out about 40 per cent of the warehouse area; 1 B-29 is lost; this is the last
100-aircraft strike by the XX Bomber Command. HQ 58th Bombardment Wing (Very
Heavy) and HQ 468th Bombardment Group (Very Heavy) begin a movement from the
Hijli Base Area and Kharagpur, India respectively to the Mariana Islands.

  INDIA-BURMA THEATER (Tenth Air Force): In Burma, 8 P-47s in close support
of the ground forces near Lashio pound vehicle and a troop concentration; 12
B-25s and about 125 fighter-bombers strike against targets immediately behind
the lines, hitting troops, supply areas, occupied towns and villages,
vehicles, and general targets of opportunity. Transports complete 600 sorties
carrying men and supplies to forward areas.

EUROPEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS (ETO)

  STRATEGIC OPERATIONS (Eighth Air Force): 2 missions are flown.
  Mission 845: 1,114 bombers and 592 fighters are dispatched to hit oil
refineries and rail targets using H2X radar; they claim 1-0-3 Luftwaffe
aircraft on the ground; 2 bombers and 11 fighters are lost:
  1. 362 B-17s are sent to hit the Albrecht (278) and Harburg (70) oil
refineries at Hamburg; 6 others hit a target of opportunity; 26 B-17s are
damaged; 2 airmen are WIA. 181 of 195 P-51s escort; 4 are lost (pilots MIA).
  2. 280 B-24s are dispatched to hit the Misburg oil refinery (104) and the
marshalling yard at Lehrte (61); 76 hit the secondary target, the marshalling
yard at Bielefeld; targets of opportunity are Hannover (11), Lingen (2) and
other (5); 1 B-24 is lost, 1 damaged beyond repair and 16 damaged; 4 airmen
are KIA, 3 WIA and 12 MIA. Escorting are 166 of 179 P-51s; 5 are lost (pilots
MIA).
  3. 383 B-17s are sent to hit the Deschimag U-boat yards at Bremen (200) and
the Bremen W rail bridge (134); targets of opportunity are Minden (12),
Osnabruck (8), Quackenbruck (5) and Brinkum (1); 1 B-17 is lost, 1 damaged
beyond repair and 162 damaged; 7 airmen are WIA and 9 MIA. The escort is 93
of 98 P-51s; they claim 1-0-3 aircraft on the ground; 2 P-51s are lost
(pilots MIA).
  4. 70 of 76 B-17s hit the Wesel rail bridge using Micro H; 22 B-17s are
damaged. 29 P-51s escort without loss.
  5. 12 of 13 B-17s fly a screening mission.
  6. 43 of 46 P-51s fly a freelance mission for the bombers without loss.
  7. 28 P-51s fly a scouting mission.
  8. 17 P-51s escort 19 F-5s and 4 Spitfires on photo reconnaissance missions
over Germany.
  Mission 846: 12 B-24s drop leaflets in the Netherlands and Germany during
the night.

  TACTICAL OPERATIONS (Ninth Air Force): In Germany, nearly 500 B-26s, A-20s
and A-26s hit 5 communications centers, 2 marshalling yards, 3 rail bridges,
6 town areas, and a target of opportunity as part of interdiction operations
against troops during the Rhineland campaign; fighters support the 8th and
104th Infantry Divisions in the Duren area, the XIII and XIX Corps at the
Roer River bridgehead area, and the VIII, XII, and XX Corps E of and along
the Prum River and in the Saarlautern area.

MEDITERRANEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS (MTO)

  STRATEGIC OPERATIONS (Fifteenth Air Force): 500+ B-17s and B-24s (with
fighter escorts) attack the Udine, Padua, Verona, and Ferrara marshalling
yards and Ferrara railroad bridge in Italy; marshalling yards at Graz and
Klagenfurt, Austria;  and several targets of opportunity. During the previous
night 20 B-24s continue supply drops in N Italy.

  TACTICAL OPERATIONS (Twelfth Air Force): In Italy during the night of 23/24
Feb, A-20s bomb marshalling yards, including those at Castelfranco Veneto,
Rovereto, Villafranca di Verona, and Legnago, and airfields at Villafranca di
Verona, Ghedi, and Bergamo; medium bombers bomb rail lines, bridges, bridge
approaches, and fills at Bozzolo, Santa Margherita d'Adige, San Michele
all'Adige, Pizzighetone, and Lavis, and severely damage the Sesto Calende
industrial complex; fighter-bombers hit communications, mainly airfields,
railroad bridges, lines, and marshalling yards at several points including
Villafranca, Calliano, N of Nervesa della Battaglia, N of Santa Margherita
d'Adige, Bergamo, Pavullo nel Frigano, Isola della Scala, and Motta di
Livenza; fighters and fighter-bombers support US Fifth Army forces, hitting
gun positions in advance of the battlefront, at Montese and E of Modena, and
blast targets in the battle area as the 10th Mountain Division reaches the
summit of Monte Torraccia.

PACIFIC OCEAN AREA (POA)

  AAFPOA (Seventh Air Force): 28 B-24s from Angaur Island bomb Ising on
Mindanao Island. 3 B-24s on armed reconnaissance from Guam Island bomb the
airfield on Marcus Island in the N Pacific. During the night of 24/25 Feb, 5
B-24s out of Guam fly individual snooper strikes against the airfield on
Chichi Jima Island and the town of Okimura on Haha Jima Island.

SOUTHWEST PACIFIC AREA [SWPA, Far East Air Force (FEAF)]: On Luzon Island,
strikes in support of ground forces continue, especially W of Ft Stotsenburg;
fighter-bombers attack forces holding out on Corregidor Island in Manila Bay;
B-24s bomb Sepinggaiig and Manggar Airfields in Borneo. B-25s sweep off the
China coast, bombing the naval base at Ryukyu-Sho, Formosa. The 20th Combat
Mapping Squadron, 6th Photographic Reconnaissance Group, based at Dulag,
Leyte Island begins operating from San Jose, Mindoro Island with F-7s. The
390th Bombardment Squadron (Medium), 42d Bombardment Group (Medium), based at
Sansapor, New Guinea, begins operating from Morotai Island with B-25s.

SUNDAY, 25 FEBRUARY 1945

CHINA-BURMA-INDIA THEATER

  CHINA THEATER (Fourteenth Air Force): In China, 6 B-25s, supported by 5
P-40s, hit sampans and buildings in the Puchi area; 3 B-25s and 19 P-40s
pound the Isuho ferry and attack river and road traffic from Siangtan to
Hengyang; a single B-25 bombs truck convoys S of Hengyang; 4 B-24s over the
Gulf of Tonkin and S China Sea claim damaging hits on 2 vessels; 44 P-51s and
P-40s hit bridges, river shipping, troop areas, and motor transport at
Kweiyi, Paoching, and Siangtan, from Lingling to Hengyang and Leiyang, from
Anjen to Chaling, N of Liuchow, and W of Ishan.

  HQ AAF (Twentieth Air Force): HQ 40th Bombardment Group (Very Heavy) begins
a movement from Chakulia India to the Mariana Islands.

  INDIA-BURMA THEATER (Tenth Air Force): In Burma, in joint operations with
the British and Chinese army forces, 16 P-47s support the British 36 Division
in the Mongmit sector while 31 P-47s support the Chinese 38th and 50th
Divisions near Lashio and Namtu, respectively; a low B-25 strike knocks out a
suspension bridge at Namsang; 9 B-25s and 85 fighter-bombers blast troop
concentrations, supply areas, road traffic, and general targets of
opportunity behind enemy lines. 600+ transport sorties are completed to
forward areas.

EUROPEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS (ETO)

  AIRBORNE OPERATIONS (IX Troop Carrier Command): HQ 437th Troop Carrier
Group and the 83d, 84th, 85th and 86th Troop Carrier Squadrons move from
Ramsbury, England to Voisins Airfield, Coulommiers, France with C-47s.

  STRATEGIC OPERATIONS (Eighth Air Force): 2 missions are flown.
  Mission 847: 1,197 bombers and 755 fighters are dispatched to hit tank
factories, airfields associated with jet aircraft, oil depots and rail
targets visually; they claim 34-0-21 Luftwaffe aircraft; 5 bombers and 8
fighters are lost:
  1. 377 B-17s are sent to hit the Maybach tank factory at Friedrichshaffen
(63) using Gee-H, and the station and marshalling yard (73) and oil storage
tanks and marshalling yard (174) at Munich; 51 hit the secondary target, the
marshalling yard at Ulm; 1 other hit Kenzingen, a target of opportunity; 2
B-17s are lost, 1 damaged beyond repair and 135 damaged; 1 airman is KIA, 2
WIA and 18 MIA. Escorting are 136 of 149 P-51s; they claim 1-0-2 aircraft on
the ground; 2 P-51s are lost (pilots MIA).
  2. 452 B-17s are dispatched to hit the marshalling yard at Munich (315) and
Neuburg (88); targets of opportunity are Kaufbeuren (13), Ludwigsfeldt
marshalling yard (12), Kempten (1), Durladingen (2), Rortwell (1) and other
(5); 3 B-17s are lost, 1 damaged beyond repair and 197 damaged; 1 airman is
KIA, 3 WIA and 27 MIA. 140 of 145 P-51s escort and claim 2-0-3 aircraft on
the ground.
  3. 368 B-24s are sent to hit the marshalling yard (115) and tank factory
(54) at Aschaffenburg and the airfields at Giebelstadt (96) and Schwabishch
Hall (93); 1 B-24 is damaged beyond repair and 31 damaged; 3 airmen are KIA
and 6 WIA. The escort is 126 of 135 P-51s.
  4. 262 P-47s and P-51s fly close escort and area patrols claiming 21-0-4
aircraft in the air and 10-0-12 on the ground; 6 P-51s are lost (pilots MIA)
and 1 P-47 is damaged beyond repair.
  5. 8 P-51s escort 4 F-5s on a photo reconnaissance mission over Germany.
  6. 32 of 34 P-51s fly a scouting mission.
  Mission 848: 12 B-24s drop leaflets in France, the Netherlands and Germany
during the night.

  TACTICAL OPERATIONS (Ninth Air Force): In Germany, the 9th Bombardment
Division strikes 4 rail bridges, 4 communications centers, a marshalling yard
and 9 targets of opportunity as part of the interdiction campaign against
Germany; fighters escort the bombers, attack assigned ground targets, fly
armed reconnaissance, and support the 8th and 104th Infantry Divisions in the
Duren area, the XIII and XlX Corps E of the Roer River, and the VIII, XII,
and XX Corps along the Prum and Saar Rivers.

MEDITERRANEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS (MTO)

  STRATEGIC OPERATIONS (Fifteenth Air Force): In Austria, 600+ B-17s and
B-24s bomb marshalling yards in Amstetten, 2 in Linz, 2 in Villach, and 
Salzburg, plus the Linz benzol plant and ordnance depot and several targets
of opportunity. Fighters escort and some afterwards strafe targets of
opportunity in Austria, SE Germany, and W Czechoslovakia. In Germany, 37
P-51s strafe railroad targets in the Rosenheim-Muhldorf-Landshut-Augsburg
areas. Routine reconnaissance and supply missions continue.

  TACTICAL OPERATIONS (Twelfth Air Force): In Italy during the night of 24/25
Feb, A-20s attack marshalling yards at Villafranca di Verona, Cittadella,
Castelfranco Veneto, Trento, and Turin, and airfields at Villafranca di
Verona and Bergamo; medium bombers cut or damage bridges at Vipiteno, Dogna,
Ala, and Campo San Pietro, and a railroad fill at San Felice del Benaco; XXII
Tactical Air Command fighters and fighter-bombers are restricted by ground
haze in the Po Valley but attack rail lines, marshalling yards, rolling
stock, motor transport, and dumps.

PACIFIC OCEAN AREA (POA)

  AAFPOA (Seventh Air Force): Lieutenant General Millard F Harmon, Commanding
General AAFPOA and Deputy Commander of the Twentieth AF, is lost near
Kwajalein Atoll in the Marshall Islands when his aircraft disappears enroute
to Washington DC. (On 2 Mar Major General Willis H Hale, AAFPOA deputy
commander for operations, assumes Harmon's positions). 
  9 Guam Island-based B-24s hit blockhouses, and mortar and rocket-launching
positions on the NW part of Iwo Jima Island; 8 B-24s, flying separate
harassment strikes, pound airfields on Chichi Jima during the night of 25/26
Feb. In Hawaii, HQ 508th Fighter Group and the 466th Fighter Squadron move
from Kahuku to Mokuleia with P-47s.

  HQ AAF (Twentieth Air Force): Mission 38: 172 of 229 B-29s bomb the urban
area of Tokyo; 29 others hit alternates and targets of opportunity; this is
the XXI Bomber Command's largest mission to date and its first 3-wing strike
against Japan as the the 73d and 313th Bombardment Wings (Very Heavy) are
joined by the 314th; 3 B-29s are lost.

SOUTHWEST PACIFIC AREA [SWPA, Far East Air Force (FEAF)]: In Formosa, B-24s
bomb Takao and P-51s hit targets of opportunity along the E coast. On Luzon
Island, B-24s attack troop concentrations on the E side of the Ipo River and
pound Japanese positions between Ipo and Osboy. B-24s bomb Tawau and Labuan
Airfields in Borneo. HQ 49th Fighter Group and the 7th Fighter Squadron move
from San Jose, Mindoro Island to Lingayen, Luzon with P-38s.

MONDAY, 26 FEBRUARY 1945

CHINA-BURMA-INDIA THEATER

  CHINA THEATER (Fourteenth Air Force): In China, 20 B-25s, some with fighter
escort, bomb Ishan, Luchai, Siangtan, and hit bridges at Chuchou and Loshan.
In French Indochina, 9 B-25s attack bridges, railroad tracks, and heavy port
equipment at Ha Trung, along the Chu R, and at Hongay and Haiphong. 70+
fighter-bombers on armed reconnaissance over S and E China and N French
Indochina attack numerous targets of opportunity including airfields, town
areas, and river, rail, and road traffic.

  HQ AAF (Twentieth Air Force): HQ 462d Bombardment Group (Very Heavy) begins
a movement from Piardoba, India to the Mariana Islands.

  INDIA-BURMA THEATER (Tenth Air Force): In Burma, 12 P-47s support troops of
the British 36 Division in the Mongmit area; 8 support the MARS Task Force,
a composite Chinese-American force, in the Lashio sector while 16 others fly
close support for Chinese 50th Division troops near Namhsam; 8 B-25s on low-
level strikes knock out bypass bridges at Mong Pawn and Loi-leng; 80+
fighter-bombers and 4 B-25s continue to attack troops, supplies, road
traffic, and other targets immediately behind lines.  Again 600+ transport
sorties are flown.

EUROPEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS (ETO)

  AIRBORNE OPERATIONS (IX Troop Carrier Command): HQ 436th Troop Carrier
Group and the 80th, 81st and 82d Troop Carrier Squadrons move from Membury,
England to Melun, France with C-47s.

  STRATEGIC OPERATIONS (Eighth Air Force): 2 missions are flown.
  Mission 849: 1,207 bombers and 726 fighters are dispatched to make H2X
radar attacks on three Berlin rail stations; they claim 6-0-0 Luftwaffe
aircraft; 3 B-17s and 3 P-51s are lost:
  1. 377 B-17s are sent to hit the Schlesischer rail station (363); 1 hits
Osnabruck, a target of opportunity; 2 B-17s are lost and 21 damaged; 1 airman
is WIA and 18 MIA. 214 of 244 P-51s escort claiming 4-0-0 aircraft in the
air.
  2. 446 B-17s set out to hit the Alexanderplatz rail station (418); 4 others
hit a target of opportunity; 1 B-17s is lost, 1 damaged beyond repair and 43
damaged; 8 airmen are KIA, 2 WIA and 9 MIA. Escorting are 232 of 240 P-51s;
they claim 2-0-0 aircraft on the ground; 3 P-51s are lost (2 pilots MIA).
  3. 361 B-24s are dispatched to hit the North rail station (285); 37 hit
Eberswalde, the secondary target; 4 hit a target of opportunity; 2 B-24s are
damaged beyond repair and 26 damaged; 3 airmen are WIA and 3 MIA. The escort
is 20 P-47s and 190 P-51s.
  4. 17 B-17s and 6 B-24s fly screening missions.
  5. 31 of 32 P-51 fly a scouting mission.
  Mission 850: During the night, 12 B-24s drop leaflets in the Netherlands
and Germany; and 5 B-24s fly a CARPETBAGGER mission.

  TACTICAL OPERATIONS (Ninth Air Force): In Germany, 235 A-20s, A-26s, and
B-26s attack the communications center at Wickrath, rail and road junctions
at Zieverich and Gladbach, a supply and ammunition depot (casual target), the
towns of Kapellen, Viersen, and Munstereifel, and targets of opportunity; 
weather limits fighter operations to armed reconnaissance flights in the
Aschaffenburg-Wurzburg area by the XIX Tactical Air Command.

MEDITERRANEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS (MTO)

  STRATEGIC OPERATIONS (Fifteenth Air Force): During the night of 25/26 Feb,
supply drops to N Italy continue. In Austria during the day 32 P-38s dive-
bomb and strafe the Graz-Bruck an der Mur-Wiener Neustadt rail lines and 12
others fly top cover. Other P-38s and P-51s fly reconnaissance and escort
missions. 102 B-24s, with fighter escort, dispatched against tactical targets
in Yugoslavia, are recalled when clouds completely cover the objectives.

  TACTICAL OPERATIONS (Twelfth Air Force): In Italy during the night of 25/26
Feb, A-20s considerably damage marshalling yards at Castelfranco Veneto and
Bazzano; medium bombers bomb railroad bridges at Legnago, Ala, Pontetidone,
and San Michele all'Adige; fighters and fighter-bombers hit bridges,
marshalling yards, rail lines, and transport targets at numerous points
including Nervesa della Battaglia, Ora, Bologna, Trento, Vicenza, Castelnuovo
di Garfagnana, and Avisio, and bomb airfields at Ghedi and Bergamo; XXII
Tactical Air Command aircraft also support US Fifth Army forces in the battle
area S of Bologna.

PACIFIC OCEAN AREA (POA)

  AAFPOA (Seventh Air Force): 9 B-24s sent from Guam Island against positions
on Iwo Jima Island are recalled due to cloud cover; 8 B-24s hit Chichi Jima
Island during the night of 26/27 Feb, flying individual harassment strikes.

SOUTHWEST PACIFIC AREA [SWPA, Far East Air Force (FEAF)]: B-24s over Formosa
hit Takao Airfield while fighters on a sweep strafe railroad targets. On
Luzon Island, B-24s bomb troop concentrations in the Ipo Dam area and support
ground forces NE of Manila; A-20s and fighter-bombers support ground forces
in the Echague Airfield area, at Ternate, Trinidad, and Antipolo, and hit
troops W of Ft Stotsenburg. A-20s, P-38s, and P-47s hit Puerto Princesa on
Palawan Island and B-25s bomb Zettle Airfield on Jolo Island. In Borneo,
B-24s hit Manggar and Sepinggang Airfields. The 9th Fighter Squadron, 49th
Fighter Group, moves from San Jose, Mindoro Island to Lingayen, Luzon with
P-38s and the 70th Fighter Squadron, 18th Fighter Group, moves from Lingayen,
Luzon to San Jose, Mindoro with P-38s.

TUESDAY, 27 FEBRUARY 1945

CHINA-BURMA-INDIA THEATER

  CHINA THEATER (Fourteenth Air Force): 12 B-25s knock out 4 bridges and
damage 2 others in N French Indochina. In China, 12 others bomb Ishan and
Hwaiyuanchen; 4 B-24s over the Gulf of Tonkin and S China Sea attack
shipping, claiming 2 vessels sunk; 19 fighter-bombers hit barracks SW of
Ishan, 15 attack Kiungshan Airfield, 12 hit targets of opportunity in the
Yoyang area, 23 hit targets of opportunity around Kiyang, and 30 others hit
scattered targets of opportunity at other points in S and E China; the 22d
Bombardment Squadron (Medium), 341st Bombardment Group (Medium), based at
Yangkai with B-25s, sends a detachment to operate from Peishiyi; the 35th
Photographic Reconnaissance Squadron, Fourteenth AF, based at Chanyi with
F-5s, sends a detachment to operate from Laohwangping (another detachment is
operating from Chengkung).

  HQ AAF (Twentieth Air Force): Mission 40: In the Malayan States during the
night of 27/28 Feb, 10 of 12 B-29s mine Johore Strait on the E of Singapore
and 1 mines Penang harbor.
  Personnel of the 58th Bombardment Wing (Very Heavy) begin shipping out of
Calcutta, India for Tinian and Guam Islands, implementing the redeployment
orders of the 6 Feb War Department directive; the final shipment arrives in
the the Mariana Islands on 6 Jun, completing the transfer of the wing from
India without loss of a single life or aircraft.  

  INDIA-BURMA THEATER (Tenth Air Force): In Burma, 18 P-47s closely support
ground forces in the Mongmit area; 4 others knock out a small bypass bridge
at Hay-ti; about 100 fighter-bombers attack troop concentrations, supplies,
gun positions, elephant transport, and road traffic along the battlefronts
and behind enemy lines. Transport operations continue on a large-scale as 589
sorties are completed.

EUROPEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS (ETO)

  STRATEGIC OPERATIONS (Eighth Air Force): 2 missions are flown.
  Mission 851: 1,107 bombers and 745 fighters are dispatched to hit road and
rail communications at Halle and Leipzig using H2X radar; they claim 83-0-19
Luftwaffe aircraft; 2 B-24s and 2 P-51s are lost:
  1. 314 of 351 B-24s hit the marshalling yard at Halle; targets of
opportunity are Bitterfeld (21) and other (3); 2 B-24s are lost and 4
damaged; 1 airman is KIA and 18 MIA. Escorting are 196 P-47s and P-51s; they
claim 1-0-0 aircraft in the air and 45-0-3 on the ground; 2 P-51s are lost
(pilots MIA).
  2. 717 of 756 B-17s hit the rail center at Leipzig; 7 others hit targets of
opportunity; 1 B-17 is damaged beyond repair and 3 damaged; 2 airmen are KIA.
The escort is 453 of 489 P-51s; they claim 1-0-0 aircraft in the air and
36-0-16 on the ground without loss.
  3. 28 P-51s fly a scouting mission without loss.
  4. 13 P-51s escort 2 F-5s and 2 Spitfires on a photo reconnaissance mission
over C and E Germany.
  Mission 852: During the night of 27/28 Feb, 23 of 26 B-24s bomb
Wilhelmshafen oil storage by PFF without loss and 1 B-17 and 11 B-24s drop
leaflets in the Netherlands and Germany.

  TACTICAL OPERATIONS (Ninth Air Force): In Germany, 118 A-20s, A-26s and
B-26s attack the Ahrweiler rail bridge, communications centers at Glessen,
Munstereifel, and Monheim, and a target of opportunity; fighters fly leaflet
missions, attack Frankfurt/Main oil storage tanks, fly alerts, and strafe
from W of Duisburg to Worringen; the XXIX Tactical Air Command (Provisional)
also flies support for the XIII and XIX Corps SW and S of Monchen-Gladbach.

MEDITERRANEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS (MTO)

  STRATEGIC OPERATIONS (Fifteenth Air Force): 540+ B-24s and B-17s, with
fighter escort, bomb marshalling yards at Augsburg, Germany and Salzburg,
Lienz, and Jenbach, Austria plus several targets of opportunity; escorting
fighters strafe targets of opportunity during the return flight. Routine
reconnaissance and supply missions continue.

  TACTICAL OPERATIONS (Twelfth Air Force): In Italy during the night of 26/27
Feb, A-20s bomb enemy movement at 14 different places in the Po Valley,
marshalling yards at Villafranca di Verona and Isola della Scala, the town of
Bazzano, and airfields at Villafranca di Verona and Ghedi; XXII Tactical Air
Command fighter-bombers concentrate on railroad cutting in the Brenner area
and NE Italy, claiming 36 cuts, and attack rolling stock in the Villach,
Austria area; medium bombers destroy a railroad diversion bridge at San
Michele all'Adige and cut approaches on the Ala and Lavis bridges and
effectively blast the Spilimbergo and Pagnocco dumps.

PACIFIC OCEAN AREA (POA)

  AAFPOA (Seventh Air Force): 9 Guam Island-based B-24s blast pillboxes,
artillery emplacements, blockhouse, and mortar positions on the N part of Iwo
Jima Island. On Mindanao Island, 22 B-24s from Angaur Island bomb Daliao and
Libby Airfields. During the night of 27/28 Feb, 9 B-24s, flying snooper
strikes out of Guam, bomb airfields, radio stations, and the town of Okimura
on Haha Jima Island.

SOUTHWEST PACIFIC AREA [SWPA, Far East Air Force (FEAF)]: B-24s, A-20s, and
P-38s strike Puerto Princesa on Palawan Island in preparation for the
following morning's allied amphibious landings. On Luzon Island, ground
support continues on a largescale including a strike on Baguio by P-51s. On
Mindanao P-38s and USMC aircraft hit airfields. B-24s bomb Tarakan and
Jesselton Airfields in Borneo. On Formosa, Takao is hit by B-24s while
fighters sweep the W coast. Sweeping the China coast, B-25s hit a fleet of
junks and sampans near Hong Kong destroying and damaging 25+. The 8th Fighter
Squadron, 49th Fighter Group, moves from San Jose, Mindoro Island to
Lingayen, Luzon with P-38s and the 12th Fighter Squadron, 18th Fighter Group,
moves from Lingayen to San Jose with P-38s. The 65th and 66th Troop Carrier
Squadrons, 403d Troop Carrier Group, moves from Biak Island to Morotai Island
with C-46s and C-47s (the squadrons cease operating from Hill Field,
Mindoro); and the 432d Fighter Squadron, 475th Fighter Group, moves from
Dulag, Leyte Island to Clark Field, Luzon with P-38s (a detachment is
operating from San Jose, Mindoro).

COMBAT CHRONOLOGY OF THE US ARMY AIR FORCES
WEDNESDAY, 28 FEBRUARY 1945
FTP SITES
  1. ftp.rutgers.edu in directory pub/wwii/usaf
  2. byrd.mu.wvnet.edu (129.71.32.152) in pub/history/military/airforce/
     wwii_chronology

AIRCRAFT MENTIONED IN THIS REPORT:
  A-20, Douglas Havoc
  A-26, Douglas Invader
  B-17, Boeing Flying Fortress
  B-24, Consolidated Liberator
  B-25, North American Mitchell
  B-26, Martin Marauder
  C-46, Curtiss Commando
  C-47, Douglas Skytrain
  F-5, Lockheed Lightning
  P-38, Lockheed Lightning
  P-47, Republic Thunderbolt
  P-51, North American Mustang
  Spitfire, Vickers Supermarine

NOTE: A number in parenthesis after a target name indicates the number of
bombers attacking.

CHINA-BURMA-INDIA THEATER

  CHINA THEATER (Fourteenth Air Force): In China, 2 B-25s attack targets of
opportunity in the Hsiang River Valley while 2 P-51s hit targets of
opportunity NE of Hengyang; a single B-24 damages a cargo vessel in the S
China Sea; the 11th Bombardment Squadron (Medium), 341st Bombardment Group
(Medium), based at Yangkai with B-25s, sends a detachment to operate from
Laowhangpin.

  INDIA-BURMA THEATER (Tenth Air Force): In Burma, 28 P-47s support forces of
the British 36 Division in the Mongmit area; 75 fighter-bombers continueu
pounding troop concentrations, supply dumps, and road traffic behind enemy
lines. 552 transport sorties are flown, landing men and supplies at forward
bases and dropping supplies to frontline troops.

EUROPEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS (ETO)

  AIRBORNE OPERATIONS (IX Troop Carrier Command): Units moving from England
to France: HQ 313th Troop Carrier Group from Folkingham to Achiet; HQ 314th
Troop Carrier Group and the 32d and 61st Troop Carrier Squadrons from Saltby
to Poix with C-47s.

  STRATEGIC OPERATIONS (Eighth Air Force): 3 missions are flown.
  Mission 854: 1,104 bombers and 737 fighters are dispatched to make PFF
attacks on rail targets in Germany; they calim 18-0-11 Luftwaffe aircraft; 1
B-17 and 5 P-51s are lost:
  1. 378 B-17s are sent to hit marshalling yards at Soest (143), Hagen (151)
and Schwerte (74) using Gee-H; 1 other hits a target of opportunity; 1 B-17s
is lost; 3 airmen are MIA. 106 of 112 P-51s escort without loss.
  2. 346 B-24s are dispatched to hit the Arnsberg (95) and Bielefeld (81)
viaducts, the Siegen marshalling yard (77) and the Henschel tank plant at
Meschede (79); 1 other hits the Neustadt road junction, a target of
opportunity; all attacks are made using Gee-H; no casualties. Escorting are
117 of 123 P-51s; 1 is lost (pilot MIA).
  3. 364 of 380 B-17s hit the marshalling yard at Kassel, the secondary
target; 6 others hit 6 targets of opportunity; the attacks are made using H2X
radar; no casualties. The escort is 113 of 118 P-51s; they claim 0-0-1
aircraft in the air and 10-0-4 on the ground; 1 P-51 is lost (pilot MIA).
  4. 308 of 318 P-51s fly a strafing run in the Wurzburg-Munich area; they
calim 8-0-6 aircraft on the ground; 3 P-51s are lost (pilots MIA).
  5. 18 of 20 P-47s fly a figher-bomber mission against Ablar, Offenbach and 
Werdorf marshalling yards and factory buildings without loss.
  6. 16 P-51s escort 4 F-5s and 1 Spitfire on a photo reconnaissance mission
over Germany.
  Mission 855: 11 B-24s drop leaflets in the Netherlands and Germany during
the night without loss. 1 Mosquito flies a SKYWAVE mission over Germany. 
(SKYWAVE is a special navigational mission to calibrate LORAN equipment.)
  Mission 856: 22 of 24 B-24s bomb the Freiburg rail depot during the night
using PFF methods; no losses.
  The 36th Bombardment Squadron (Heavy), 1st Air Division [attached to 482d
Bombardment Group (Heavy)], moves from Cheddington to Alconbury, England with
B-24s (the 36th is engaged in radio countermeasures operations).
  
  TACTICAL OPERATIONS (Ninth Air Force): In Germany, 340+ A-20s, B-26s and
A-26s bomb rail bridges at Mayen, Niederscheld, and Colbe, the Unna ordnance
depot, Kamp road junction, Siegen and Sankt Wendel marshalling yards, the
town of Rheinburg, and targets of opportunity; fighters escort the bombers,
fly sweeps, patrols and armed reconnaissance, attack special targets, and
support the US 3d Armored Division at the Paffendorf bridgehead, US Ninth
Army elements near Monchen-Gladbach and Neuss [the 2d Armored Division
reaches a point within 6 miles (9.7 km) of the Rhine River], and the VIII,
XII, and XX Corps between the Prum and Kyll Rivers and near Trier.

MEDITERRANEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS (MTO)

  STRATEGIC OPERATIONS (Fifteenth Air Force): About 680 B-17s and B-24s bomb
marshalling yards at Lienz, Austria; Ora, Bolzano, Vipiteno, Vicenza,
Fortezza, Bressanone, Brunico, Brescia, and Conegliano, Italy, and bridges at
Albes and Verona-Parona di Valpolicella, Italy; 109 P-51s provide escort; 75
P-38s divebomb the Sankt Veit an der Glan marshalling yard in Austria and
strafe rail lines in the Sankt Veit, Austria-Klagenfurt, Austria-Villach,
Austria-Ljubljana, Yugoslavia areas; other P-38s and P-51s (about 25) strafe
rail traffic around Bruck an der Mur, Innsbruck, Klagenfurt, and Worgl,
Austria and Passau, Germany, and attack Bjelovar Airfield in Yugoslavia,
destroying an enemy-held B-24 and P-38; reconnaissance and supply flights are
maintained.

  TACTICAL OPERATIONS (Twelfth Air Force): In Italy during the night of 27/28
Feb, A-20s attack a few marshalling yards, bridges, rail lines, and general
movement but because of bad weather are recalled by midnight; XII Tactical
Air Command fighter-bombers continue to pound communications and other
targets, including Ghedi and Vicenza Airfields, ammunition dumps near
Codroipo and W of Villafranca di Verona, and shell loading plant SW of
Piacenza; medium bombers bomb bridges at Ala, Santa Margherita d'Adige, San
Michele all'Adige, Ponte di Piave, and Pordenone, and a railway embankment at
Salorno.

PACIFIC OCEAN AREA (POA)

  AAFPOA (Seventh Air Force): 8 Guam Island-based B-24s pound Susaki Airfield
on Chichi Jima Island. 23 B-24s from Angaur Island bomb Sasa Airfield on
Mindanao Island. During the night of 28 Feb/1 Mar, 6 B-24s from Guam, flying
separate harassment strikes, bomb Susaki Airfield again. The ground echelon
of the 548th Night Fighter Squadron, VII Fighter Command arrives on Iwo Jima
Island from Hawaii (air echelon is operating from Saipan Island with P-61s).

SOUTHWEST PACIFIC AREA [SWPA, Far East Air Force (FEAF)]: In Borneo, B-24s
strike Sandakan and Labuan Airfields and B-25s fly a napalm raid against
Sanga Sanga Airfield. B-24s bomb Caldera Point and B-25s hit San Roque
Airfield on Mindanao. The 70th Troop Carrier Squadron, 433d Troop Carrier
Group, moves from Hollandia, New Guinea to Dulag, Leyte Island with C-46s and
C-47s. The 431st and 433d Fighter Squadrons, 475th Fighter Group, move from
Dulag, Leyte to Clark Field, Luzon Island with P-38s (they are operating from
San Jose, Mindoro Island). The 530th Bombardment Squadron (Heavy), 380th
Bombardment Group (Heavy), moves from Darwin, Australia to San Jose, Mindoro
WEDNESDAY, 28 FEBRUARY 1945

CHINA-BURMA-INDIA THEATER

  CHINA THEATER (Fourteenth Air Force): In China, 2 B-25s attack targets of
opportunity in the Hsiang River Valley while 2 P-51s hit targets of
opportunity NE of Hengyang; a single B-24 damages a cargo vessel in the S
China Sea; the 11th Bombardment Squadron (Medium), 341st Bombardment Group
(Medium), based at Yangkai with B-25s, sends a detachment to operate from
Laowhangpin.

  INDIA-BURMA THEATER (Tenth Air Force): In Burma, 28 P-47s support forces of
the British 36 Division in the Mongmit area; 75 fighter-bombers continue
pounding troop concentrations, supply dumps, and road traffic behind enemy
lines. 552 transport sorties are flown, landing men and supplies at forward
bases and dropping supplies to frontline troops.

EUROPEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS (ETO)

  AIRBORNE OPERATIONS (IX Troop Carrier Command): Units moving from England
to France: HQ 313th Troop Carrier Group from Folkingham to Achiet; HQ 314th
Troop Carrier Group and the 32d and 61st Troop Carrier Squadrons from Saltby
to Poix with C-47s.

  STRATEGIC OPERATIONS (Eighth Air Force): 3 missions are flown.
  Mission 854: 1,104 bombers and 737 fighters are dispatched to make PFF
attacks on rail targets in Germany; they claim 18-0-11 Luftwaffe aircraft; 1
B-17 and 5 P-51s are lost:
  1. 378 B-17s are sent to hit marshalling yards at Soest (143), Hagen (151)
and Schwerte (74) using Gee-H; 1 other hits a target of opportunity; 1 B-17
is lost; 3 airmen are MIA. 106 of 112 P-51s escort without loss.
  2. 346 B-24s are dispatched to hit the Arnsberg (95) and Bielefeld (81)
viaducts, the Siegen marshalling yard (77) and the Henschel tank plant at
Meschede (79); 1 other hits the Neustadt road junction, a target of
opportunity; all attacks are made using Gee-H; no casualties. Escorting are
117 of 123 P-51s; 1 is lost (pilot MIA).
  3. 364 of 380 B-17s hit the marshalling yard at Kassel, the secondary
target; 6 others hit 6 targets of opportunity; the attacks are made using H2X
radar; no casualties. The escort is 113 of 118 P-51s; they claim 0-0-1
aircraft in the air and 10-0-4 on the ground; 1 P-51 is lost (pilot MIA).
  4. 308 of 318 P-51s fly a strafing run in the Wurzburg-Munich area; they
claim 8-0-6 aircraft on the ground; 3 P-51s are lost (pilots MIA).
  5. 18 of 20 P-47s fly a fighter-bomber mission against Ablar, Offenbach and 
Werdorf marshalling yards and factory buildings without loss.
  6. 16 P-51s escort 4 F-5s and 1 Spitfire on photo reconnaissance missions
over Germany.
  Mission 855: 11 B-24s drop leaflets in the Netherlands and Germany during
the night without loss. 1 Mosquito flies a SKYWAVE mission over Germany. 
(SKYWAVE is a special navigational mission to calibrate LORAN equipment.)
  Mission 856: 22 of 24 B-24s bomb the Freiburg rail depot during the night
using PFF methods; no losses.
  The 36th Bombardment Squadron (Heavy), 1st Air Division [attached to 482d
Bombardment Group (Heavy)], moves from Cheddington to Alconbury, England with
B-24s (the 36th is engaged in radio countermeasures operations).
  
  TACTICAL OPERATIONS (Ninth Air Force): In Germany, 340+ A-20s, B-26s and
A-26s bomb rail bridges at Mayen, Niederscheld, and Colbe, the Unna ordnance
depot, Kamp road junction, Siegen and Sankt Wendel marshalling yards, the
town of Rheinburg, and targets of opportunity; fighters escort the bombers,
fly sweeps, patrols and armed reconnaissance, attack special targets, and
support the US 3d Armored Division at the Paffendorf bridgehead, US Ninth
Army elements near Monchen-Gladbach and Neuss [the 2d Armored Division
reaches a point within 6 miles (9.7 km) of the Rhine River], and the VIII,
XII, and XX Corps between the Prum and Kyll Rivers and near Trier.

MEDITERRANEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS (MTO)

  STRATEGIC OPERATIONS (Fifteenth Air Force): About 680 B-17s and B-24s bomb
marshalling yards at Lienz, Austria; Ora, Bolzano, Vipiteno, Vicenza,
Fortezza, Bressanone, Brunico, Brescia, and Conegliano, Italy, and bridges at
Albes and Verona-Parona di Valpolicella, Italy; 109 P-51s provide escort; 75
P-38s divebomb the Sankt Veit an der Glan marshalling yard in Austria and
strafe rail lines in the Sankt Veit, Austria-Klagenfurt, Austria-Villach,
Austria-Ljubljana, Yugoslavia areas; other P-38s and P-51s (about 25) strafe
rail traffic around Bruck an der Mur, Innsbruck, Klagenfurt, and Worgl,
Austria and Passau, Germany, and attack Bjelovar Airfield in Yugoslavia,
destroying an enemy-held B-24 and P-38; reconnaissance and supply flights are
maintained.

  TACTICAL OPERATIONS (Twelfth Air Force): In Italy during the night of 27/28
Feb, A-20s attack a few marshalling yards, bridges, rail lines, and general
movement but because of bad weather are recalled by midnight; XII Tactical
Air Command fighter-bombers continue to pound communications and other
targets, including Ghedi and Vicenza Airfields, ammunition dumps near
Codroipo and W of Villafranca di Verona, and a shell loading plant SW of
Piacenza; medium bombers bomb bridges at Ala, Santa Margherita d'Adige, San
Michele all'Adige, Ponte di Piave, and Pordenone, and a railway embankment at
Salorno.

PACIFIC OCEAN AREA (POA)

  AAFPOA (Seventh Air Force): 8 Guam Island-based B-24s pound Susaki Airfield
on Chichi Jima Island. 23 B-24s from Angaur Island bomb Sasa Airfield on
Mindanao Island. During the night of 28 Feb/1 Mar, 6 B-24s from Guam, flying
separate harassment strikes, bomb Susaki Airfield again. The ground echelon
of the 548th Night Fighter Squadron, VII Fighter Command arrives on Iwo Jima
Island from Hawaii (air echelon is operating from Saipan Island with P-61s).

SOUTHWEST PACIFIC AREA [SWPA, Far East Air Force (FEAF)]: In Borneo, B-24s
strike Sandakan and Labuan Airfields and B-25s fly a napalm raid against
Sanga Sanga Airfield. B-24s bomb Caldera Point and B-25s hit San Roque
Airfield on Mindanao. The 70th Troop Carrier Squadron, 433d Troop Carrier
Group, moves from Hollandia, New Guinea to Dulag, Leyte Island with C-46s and
C-47s. The 431st and 433d Fighter Squadrons, 475th Fighter Group, move from
Dulag, Leyte to Clark Field, Luzon Island with P-38s (they are operating from
San Jose, Mindoro Island). The 530th Bombardment Squadron (Heavy), 380th
Bombardment Group (Heavy), moves from Darwin, Australia to San Jose, Mindoro
with B-24s.

SOURCES: 
AIR FORCE COMBAT UNITS OF WORLD WAR II, Office of Air Force History,
  Headquarters USAF, 1961, ISBN 0-912799-02-1
COMBAT SQUADRONS OF THE AIR FORCE, WORLD WAR II, Office of Air Force
  History, Headquarters USAF 1982
THE ARMY AIR FORCES IN WORLD WAR II: COMBAT CHRONOLOGY, 1941-1945 by the
  Office of Air Force History, Headquarters USAF, 1973
THE MIGHTY EIGHTH WAR DIARY by Roger A. Freeman, ISBN 1-85409-071-2

Jack McKillop
USAF (Airways and Air Communications Service)
1955-59

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|  Jack McKillop         |  Those who have long enjoyed such      |
|  Bellcore              |  privileges as we enjoy forget in      |
|  Piscataway, NJ USA    |  time that men have died to win them.  |
|  jem3@cc.bellcore.com  |                       FDR              |
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